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Bonewit Chapter 3

Sterilization and Disinfection-Cheyenne Davis

antiseptic a substance that kills disease-producing micro-organisms but not their spores. An antiseptic is usually applied to living tissue
autoclave an apparatus for the sterilization of materials, using steam under pressure
contaminate to soil, stain, or pollute; to make impure
decontamination the use of physical or chemical means to remove or destroy pathogens on an item so that it is no longer capable of transmitting disease; this makes the item safe to handle
detergent an agent that cleanses by emulsifying dirt and oil
disinfectant an agent used to destroy pathogenic microorganisms but not their spores. Disinfectants are usually applied to inanimate objects
hazardous chemical any chemical that presents a threat to the health and safety of an individual coming into contact with it
incubate to provide proper conditions for growth and development
load the articles that are being sterilized
material safety data sheet (MSDS) a sheet that provides information regarding a chemical, its hazards, and measures to take to prevent injury and illness when handling the chemical
noncritical item an item that comes into contact with intact skin, but not with mucous membranes
sanitization a process to remove organic matter from an article and to reduce the number of microorganisms to a safe level as determined by public health requirements
semicritial item an item that comes into contact with non-intact skin or intact mucous membranes
spore a hard, thick-walled capsule formed by some bacteria that contains only the essential parts of the protoplasm of the bacterial cell
sterilization the process of destroying all forms of microbial life, including bacterial spores
thermolabile easily affected or changed by heat
critical item an item that comes in contact with sterile tissue or the vascular system
Created by: cheyennedavis