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Bonewit chpt 3

Sterilization and Disinfection-Candace Oty

Antiseptic A substance that kills disease-producing microorganism but not their spores. An antiseptic is usually applied to living tissue.
Autoclave An apparatus for the sterilization of materials, using steam under pressure.
Contaminate To soil, or pollute, to make impure.
Critical item An item that comes in contact with sterile tissue or vascular system.
Decontamination The use of physical or chemical means to remove or destroy pathogens on an item so that it is no longer capable of transmitting diseases,this makes makes the item safe to handle.
Detergent An agent that cleans by emulsifying dirt and oil.
Disinfectant An agent used to destroy pathogenic microorganism but not their spores. Disinfectants are usually applied to inanimate objects.
Hazardous Chemical Any chemical that presents a threat to the health and safety of an individual coming to contact with it.
Incubate To provide proper conditions for growth and development.
Load The articles that are being sterilized.
Material Safety data sheet(MSDS) A sheet that provides information regarding a chemical , its hazards, and measures to take to prevent injuries and illness when handling the chemical.
Noncritical item An item that come into contact with intact skin, but not with mucous membranes.
Sanitization A process to remove organic matter from an article and to reduce the number of microorganisms to a safe level as determined by public health requirement.
Semicritical item An item the come into contact with non-intact skin or intact mucous membranes.
Spores A hard, thick walled capsule formed by some bacteria that contains only the essential parts of the protoplasm of the bacterial wall.
Sterilization The process of destroying all form of micro-bail life, including bacterial spores.
Thermolabile Easily effected or changed by heat.
Created by: candaceoty