|The 3 principles of palpation. ||1. Move slowly.2. Avoid using excessive pressure.3. Focus your awareness on what you are feeling.|
|Palpation involves what 3 things? ||1. Locating a structure.2. Becoming aware of its characteristics.3. Assessing its quality or condition.|
|If the structure you are palpating is stationary: ||Move your hands across it.|
|If the structure you are palpating is moving: ||Keep your hands still.|
|What is Rolling and Strumming? ||Rolling your fingers across (rather than along) a structure.|
|Active Movement ||Your partner actively moves her body while you observe.|
|Passive Movement ||Your partner relaxes while you move her body.|
|Resisted Movement ||Your partner attempts to perform and action against your gentle resistance.|
|What is the average thickness of the skin? ||1/20"|
|Where is the thinnest skin located? ||Eyelids - 1/500"|
|Skeletal Muscle ||The voluntary contractile tissue that moves the skeleton.|
|Endomysium ||Facia surrounding the individual muscle fibers.|
|Perimysium ||Facia surrounding a group of muscle fibers.|
|Epimysium ||Facia surrounding the entire muscle belly.|
|Prime Mover ||The muscle that carries out an action.|
|Synergists ||Muscles that support the prime mover.|
|Antagonist ||Muscle(s) that have the opposite action of the prime mover.|
|Isometric ||A resisted movement in which the muscle contracts, but no movement occurs.
|Isotonic ||A resisted movement in which the muscle contracts and movement occurs.|
|The 3 types of muscle. ||1. Cardiac
|How are muscles named?
*Hint: FAN LASS ||1. Fiber direction.
2. Action(s) performed.
3. Number of heads.
5. Attachment sites.
|Origin ||Stable attachment of muscles, usually closest to the body.|
|Insertion ||Movable attachment of muscles, usually furthest from the body.|
|What 3 things help distinguish muscle from other tissues? ||1. Striated texture.
2. Direction of fibers (can help identify specific muscle).
3. Muscle can be flexed or relaxed.|
|Facia ||Connective tissue. Two types: superficial & deep.|
|Bursa ||A small, fluid-filled sack that reduces friction between 2 structures.|
|Retinaculum ||Transverse thickening of deep facia, strapping down tendons.|
|Adipose ||Fatty tissue with a gelatinous consistency.|