Protects the people's right to practice religion, to speak freely, to assemble(meet), to address the government and of the press to publish.
Protects the right to own guns. There is a debate whether this is a right that protects the state, or a right that protects individuals.
Guarantees that the army cannot force homeowners to give them room and board.
Protects the people from the government improperly taking property, papers, or people, without a valid warrant based on probable cause (good reason).
They can't be tried twice for the same crime. Can't be forced to testify against yourself. Property can't be taken without compensation. It also contains due process guarantees.
Guarantees a speedy trial, an impartial jury, that the accused can confront witnesses against them, and that the accused must be allowed to have a lawyer.
Guarantees a jury trial in federal civil court cases. This type of case is normally no longer heard in federal court.
Guarantees that punishments will be fair, and not cruel, and that extraordinarily large fines will not be set.
Other rights aside from those listed may exist, and just because they are not listed doesn't mean they can be violated.
Any power not granted to the federal government belongs to the states or to the people.
Abolished slavery in the entire United States.
Ensured that all citizens of all states enjoyed not only rights on the federal level, but on the state level, too. It removed the three-fifths counting of slaves. Includes citizenship, due process, and equal protection clauses.
Ensures that race cannot be used as a criteria for voting.
Congress can collect a federal income tax.
Shifted the the choosing of Senators from the state legislatures to the people of the states.
Abolished the sale or manufacture of alcohol in the United States. This amendment was later repealed (erased).
Ensures that gender cannot be used as a criteria for voting.
Repealed the 18th Amendment (Prohibition).
Set a limit on the number of times a President could be elected-two four-year terms.
D.C. has 3 electors in the Electoral College
Abolished voting poll taxes
Ensures that any person 18 or over may vote.
2 ways to propose an amendment
2/3 of both houses of Congress or 2/3 of state legislatures ask Congress to call a constitutional convention
2 ways to ratify on amendment
3/4 of state legislatures or 3/4 of special state conventions