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Drug profiles Word Scramble

 
 



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Drug profiles

ASA, NITRO, LIDO, O2, BENADRYL

QuestionAnswer
Nitroglycerin GENERIC NAME Nitroglycerin
Nitroglycerin BRAND NAME Nitrostat
Nitroglycerin CLASS Vasodilator
Nitroglycerin MECHANISM OF ACTION Relaxes vascular smooth muscles, dilating peripheral arteries and veins
Nitroglycerin INDICATIONS Angina, Myocardial ischemia associated with cocaine intoxication.
Nitroglycerin CONTRAINDICATIONS Hypotension, severe bradycardia or tachycardia, any ED drugs,
Nitroglycerin ADVERSE REACTIONS HA, Hypotension, Bradycardia, lightheadedness, flushing
Nitroglycerin INCOMPATABILITIES/DRUG INTERACTIONS Incompatible with other IV drugs.
Nitroglycerin ADULT DOSE/ROUTE 1 Tablet (0.3-0.4mg) or 1 Spray (0.4mg) sublingual every 5 minutes, up to 3 doses.
Nitroglycerin PEDS DOSE/ROUTE Not recommended
Nitroglycerin ONSET OF ACTION 3 minutes
Nitroglycerin PEAK EFFECTS 10 minutes
Nitroglycerin DURATION OF ACTION 30 minutes
Nitroglycerin AZ DRUG BOX SUPPLY RANGE 1 bottle tablets, 1 bottle spray
Oxygen GENERIC NAME None
Oxygen BRAND NAME Oxygen
Oxygen CLASS Naturally occurring atmospheric gas
Oxygen MECHANISM OF ACTION Reverses Hypoxemia
Oxygen INDICATIONS hypoxemia, CP, respiratory insufficiency, carbon monoxide poisoning, decreased tissue oxygenation, decreased LOC.
Oxygen CONTRAINDICATIONS Hyperventilation.
Oxygen ADVERSE REACTIONS Retrolental fibroplasia if given in high concentrations to premature infants (maintain 30-40%)
Oxygen NOTES ON ADMINISTRATION Never with hold
Oxygen INCOMPATABILITIES/DRUG INTERACTIONS None.
Oxygen DOSE/ROUTE Adult and Pediatric 10-15L via NRB, or 2-6L via NC.
Oxygen ONSET OF ACTION Immediate
Oxygen PEAK EFFECTS N/A
Oxygen DURATION OF ACTION 2 minutes
Oxygen AZ DRUG BOX SUPPLY RANGE 13 cubic feet
Diphenhydramine GENERIC NAME Diphenhydramine
Diphenhydramine BRAND NAME Benadryl
Diphenhydramine CLASS Antihistamine; anticholinergic
Diphenhydramine MECHANISM OF ACTION Blocks cellular histamine receptors; decreases vasodilation; decreases motion sickness.
Diphenhydramine INDICATIONS allergic reactions, anaphylaxis, acute dystonic reactions (phenothiazines).
Diphenhydramine CONTRAINDICATIONS Asthma, pregnancy, htn, narrow angle glaucoma, (MAOIs)
Diphenhydramine ADVERSE REACTIONS Sedation. Hypotension, sz’s, vomiting, palpitations, arrhythmias. NOTES ON ADMINISTRATION
Diphenhydramine DOSE/ROUTE Adult 25-50mg IV, IM, or PO.
Diphenhydramine Pediatric DOSE/ROUTE 1-2 mg/kg IV. IO slowly, or IM. If given PO
Diphenhydramine ONSET OF ACTION 30 minutes
Diphenhydramine PEAK EFFECTS 1 hour
Diphenhydramine DURATION OF ACTION 3-12 hours.
Diphenhydramine AZ DRUG BOX SUPPLY RANGE 50 mg.
Lidocaine GENERIC NAME Lidocaine Hydrochloride
Lidocaine BRAND NAME Xylocaine
Lidocaine CLASS Antiarrhythmic
Lidocaine MECHANISM OF ACTION Decreases automaticity by slowing the rate of phase 4 depolarization
Lidocaine INDICATIONS Alternative to amiodarone in cardiac arrest from V-fib/Pulseless V-tach, stable monomorphic V-tach, stable polymorphic V-tach with normal baseline QT interval.
Lidocaine CONTRAINDICATIONS av blocks, bleeding, thrombocytopenia.
Lidocaine ADVERSE REACTIONS Slurred speech, seizures, Bradycardia, hypotension, cardiac arrest, and arrhythmias.
Lidocaine NOTES ON ADMINISTRATION Exceedingly high doses can result in coma or death.
Lidocaine INCOMPATABILITIES/DRUG INTERACTIONS Metabolic clearance is decreased in patients with liver disease or in patients taking beta blockers.
Lidocaine DOSE/ROUTE Adult cardiac arrest from V-Fib/Pulseless V-tach, Initial dose 1-1.5 mg/kg IV/IO.
Lidocaine DOSE/ROUTE Adult maintenance infusion 1-4 mg/min. Can be diluted in D5W or NS
Lidocaine DOSE/ROUTE Pediatric IV/IO dose 1 mg/kg rapid IV/IO push. Max 100 mg
Lidocaine ONSET OF ACTION 3 minutes
Lidocaine PEAK EFFECTS 10 minutes
Lidocaine DURATION OF ACTION 2 hours
Lidocaine AZ DRUG BOX SUPPLY RANGE 3 prefilled syringes, total of 300 mg , 1g vials or premixed infusion, total of 2g
ASA GENERIC NAME ASA
ASA BRAND NAME Aspirin
ASA CLASS Platelet inhibitor, anti-inflammatory agent
ASA MECHANISM OF ACTION Prostaglandin inhibition
ASA INDICATIONS Any symptom suggestive of a MI, Fever, inflammation.
ASA CONTRAINDICATIONS Hypersensitivity, gi bleed, active ulcer bleed.
ASA ADVERSE REACTIONS Angioedema, bronchospasm, bleeding, N/V
ASA NOTES ON ADMINISTRATION Not recommended for peds
ASA INCOMPATABILITIES/DRUG INTERACTIONS Use with caution in patients allergic to NSAID’s
ASA ADULT DOSE/ROUTE 325mg
ASA ONSET OF ACTION 45 minutes
ASA PEAK EFFECTS Variable
ASA DURATION OF ACTION Variable
ASA AZ DRUG BOX SUPPLY RANGE 324mg.
Benadryl NOTES ON ADMINISTRATION Not used in infants or in pregnancy
Benadryl INCOMPATABILITIES/DRUG INTERACTIONS Potentiates effects of alcohol
Created by: klindley on 2009-06-17



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