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OIAN

Kinesiology/Biomechanics

MuscleOriginInsertionActioninNervation
biceps brachii superior of glenoid cavity (long head), coracoid process (short head) radial tuberosity -elbow flexion -forearm supination -weak shoulder joint flexion -weak shoulder joint abduction when externally rotated c5-c6
brachialis distal/anterior humerus -coronoid process -ulnar tuberosity TRUE elbow flexion c5-c6
brachioradialis humerus, just above lateral condyle lateral surface of radius near styloid process -elbow flexion -forearm pronation -forearm supination c5-c6
subclavius depression of scapula
serratus anterior surface of the upper 9 ribs at the side of the chest anterior aspect of the length of the medial border of the scapula -scapular abduction (protraction) -scapular upward rotation -scapular stabilization
levator scapulae tps of c1-c4 medial border of the scapula from the superior angle to the scapular spine -scapular elevation
upper trapezius -base of skull -occipital protuberance -posterior ligaments of the neck -scapular elevation -scapular upward rotation -extension and rotation of the head and neck
pectoralis minor anterior surfaces of ribs 3-5 coracoid process of the scapula -scapular abduction (protraction) -scapular downward rotation -scapular depression
rhomboids sps of c7-t5 medial border of the scapula, inferior to the scapular spine -scapular adduction (retraction) -scapular downward rotation -scapular elevation
middle trapezius sps of c7-t3 -medial border of acromion process -superior border of scapular spine -scapular elevation -scapular adduction -scapular upward rotation
lower trapezius sps of t4-t12 triangular space at the base of the scapular spine -scapular adduction -scapular depression -scapular upward rotation
supraspinatus supraspinatus fossa greater tubercle of humerus abducts humerus
infraspinatus infraspinatus fossa greater tubercle of humerus lateral rotation of humerus
teres minor lateral border of scapula greater tubercle of humerus lateral rotation of humerus
subscapularis subscapular fossa lesser tubercle of humerus medial rotation of humerus
teres major inferior angle of scapula intertubercular sulcus (bicipital groove) of humerus -glenohumeral extension -glenohumeral internal rotation -glenohumeral adduction
pectoralis major -medial clavicle -costal cartilage 1-6 -sternum intertubercular sulcus (bicipital groove) of humerus -glenohumeral flexion -glenohumeral adduction -glenohumeral horizontal adduction -glenohumeral internal rotation
latissimus dorsi -vertebrae t7-l5 -ribs 9-12 -iliac crest intertubercular sulcus (bicipital groove) of humerus -glenohumeral extension -glenohumeral adduction -glenohumeral horizontal abduction -glenohumeral internal rotation
deltoid -acromion of scapula -spine of scapula -clavicle deltoid tuberosity of the humerus ant. fibers: glenohumeral flexion, horiz adduction, int. rotation; lat fibers: glenohumeral abduction; post. fibers: glenohumeral extension, horiz. abduction, ext. rotation
coracobrachialis coracoid process medial aspect of humeral shaft -humeral flexion -humeral internal rotation
supinator -lateral epicondyle of humerus -supinator crest of ulna proximal 1/3 of radius forearm supination
anconeus lateral epicondyle of humerus lateral surface of olecranon process of ulna elbow extension
triceps brachii long head- inferior margin of glenoid cavity; lateral head- posterior/proximal humerus; medial head- posterior humerus olecranon process of ulna elbow extension; long head: humeral extension, adduction, horiz. abduction
pronator quatratus anterior/distal ulna anterior/distal radius forearm pronation
pronator teres -medial epicondyle of humerus -coronoid process of ulna lateral shaft of radius -forearm pronation -weak elbow flexion
flexor carpi ulnaris -medial epicondyle of humerus -medial olecranon of ulna -posterior ulna -pisiform -hamate -metacarpal V -wrist flexion -wrist adduction (ulnar flexion)
extensor indicis -posterior surface of ulna phalanx II -wrist extension -index finger extension
palmaris longus medial epicondyle of humerus palmar aponeurosis of metacarpals II-V -wrist flexion -weak elbow flexion
extensor carpi ulnaris -lateral epicondyle of humerus -posterior shaft of ulna base of metacarpal V -wrist extension -ulnar flexion
extensor digiti minimi -lateral epicondyle of humerus proximal phalanx V -wrist extension -pinkie finger extension
extensor pollicis longus posterior surface of ulna distal phalanx I -thumb extension -thumb lateral rotation -wrist extension -radial flexion
flexor pollicis longus interosseus membrane of radius distal phalanx I -wrist flexion -radial flexion
flexor carpi radialis -medial epicondyle of humerus base of metacarpals II-III -wrist flexion -radial flexion
flexor digitorum profundus -proximal ulna -coronoid process of ulna distal phalanges II-V -wrist flexion -digit flexion
extensor digitorum -lateral epicondyle of humerus dorsal surface of phalanges II-V -wrist extension -digit extension
flexor digitorum superficialis -medial epicondyle of humerus -coronoid process of ulna -superior half of radius middle phalanges II-V -wrist flexion -digit flexion
extensor pollicis brevis radial shaft proximal phalanx I -wrist extension -radial flexion -thumb extension
extensor carpi radialis longus -lateral epicondyle of humerus base of metacarpal II -wrist extension -radial flexion
extensor carpi radialis brevis -lateral epicondyle of humerus base of metacarpal III -wrist extension -radial flexion
abductor pollicis longus -posterior surface of radius -posterior surface of ulna -trapezium -base of metacarpal I -wrist extension -radial flexion -thumb extension -thumb abduction
iliacus inner surface of the ilium -lesser trochanter of femur -shaft of femur -hip flexion -hip external rotation
psoas major and minor -tps l1-l5 -vertebral bodies t12-l5 -base of sacrum -lesser trochanter of femur -shaft of femur -hip flexion -hip transverse rotation
tensor fasciae latae anterior iliac crest of hip anteriolateral condyle of tibia via iliotibial band -hip abduction -hip flexion -hip anterior pelvic rotation -hip lateral pelvic rotation -hip internal rotation -knee extension -knee external rotation
sartorius ASIS medial/proximal tibia -hip flexion -hip abduction -hip external rotation -hip anterior pelvic rotation -knee flexion -weak knee internal rotation
rectus femoris -AIIS -superior acetabulum -tibial tuberosity via patellar tendon -upper border of patella -knee extension -hip flexion -hip anterior rotation
gracilis -body of pubis -inferior pubic ramus tibia, medial and below condyle -hip adduction -hip internal rotation -assists with hip flexion -weak knee internal rotation -knee flexion
adductor magnus -inferior pubic ramus -ramus/tuberosity of ischium -linea aspera of femur -inner condyloid ridge of femur -adductor tubercle of femur -hip adduction -hip extension -hip external rotation
adductor brevis -body of pubis -inferior pubic ramus -lower 2/3 of pectineal line of femur -linea aspera of femur -hip adduction -hip external rotation -assists in hip flexion
adductor longus anterior pubis middle 1/3 of linea aspera on femur -hip adduction -assists in hip flexion
pectineus superior ramus of pubis femur from lesser trochanter to medial linea aspera -hip flexion -hip external rotation -hip adduction
semitendinosus ischial tuberosity anterior/medial/proximal tibia -hip extension -hip internal rotation -hip posterior pelvic rotation -knee flexion -knee internal rotation
semimembranosus ischial tuberosity medial tibial condyle -hip extension -hip internal rotation -hip posterior pelvic rotation -knee flexion -knee internal rotation
biceps femoris long head- ischial tuberosity; short head-lateral condyloid ridge and lower 1/2 of linea aspera on femur, -head of fibula -lateraly condyle of tibia -hip extension -hip external rotation -hip posterior pelvic rotation -knee flexion -knee external rotation
gluteus maximus -iliac crest -gluteal line of ilium -coccyx -posterior surface of sacrum -gluteal tuberosity of femur -tensor fascia latae -hip extension -hip external rotation -hip posterior pelvic rotation -upper fibers assist in hip abduction -lower fibers assist in hip adduction
gluteus medius lateral surface of ilium greater trochanter of femur -hip abduction -hip lateral pelvic rotation -ant. fibers: internal rotation, flexion and anterior pelvic rotation of hip -post. fibers: external rotation, extension, and posterior pelvic rotation of hip
gluteus minimus lateral surface of ilium anterior surface of greater trochanter of femur -hip flexion -hip abduction -hip internal rotation -hip anterior pelvic rotation -hip lateral pelvic rotation
hip lateral rotators (deep 6) -ischium -piriformis on ant. sacrum posterior greater trochanter of femur -hip lateral rotation -hip abduction
vastus lateralis greater trochanter of femur -tibial tuberosity via patellar tendon -upper border of patella knee extension
vastus intermedius anterior surface of femoral shaft -tibial tuberosity via patellar tendon -upper border of patella knee extension
vastus medialis linea aspera of femur -tibial tuberosity via patellar tendon -upper border of patella knee extension
popliteus posterior surface of lateral condyle of femur proximal/posterior/medial surface of tibia -knee flexion -knee internal rotation (as knee flexes)
gastrocnemius -popliteal surface of femur -femur condyles calcaneus -plantar flexion of foot -knee flexion
soleus -posterior surface of fibula -proximal 2/3 of posterior surface of tibia calcaneus plantar flexion of foot
fibularis (peroneus) longus -head of fibula -lateral/proximal fibula -medial cuneiform -metatarsal I -eversion -plantar flexion
fibularis (peroneus) brevis lateral/distal fibula tuberosity of metatarsal V -eversion -plantar flexion
fibularis (peroneus) tertius anterior distal 1/3 of fibula dorsal surface of metatarsal V -eversion -dorsiflexion
extensor digitorum longus -lateral condyle of tibia -head and upper 2/3 of fibular shaft superior surface of middle and distal joints of phalanges II-V -dorsiflexion -eversion -toe extension
extensor hallucis longus anterior middle 2/3 of fibula base of distal phalanx I -dorsiflexion -big toe extension -weak inversion
tibialis anterior proximal lateral 2/3 of tibia -inner surface of medial cuneiform -base of metatarsal I -dorsiflexion -inversion
tibialis posterior -proximal 1/2 of posterior fibula -interosseous membrane of fibula and tibia -proximal 1/2 of posterior tibia -inferior surface of navicular -inferior surface of medial cuneiform -base of metatarsals II-IV -inversion -plantar flexion
flexor digitorum longus medial 1/3 of posterior shaft of tibia distal base of phalanges II-V -flexion of phalanges II-V -inversion -plantar flexion
flexor hallucis longus middle 2/3 of posterior shaft of fibula distal base of phalanx I -flexion of phalanx I -inversion -plantar flexion
Created by: selfstudy08 on 2009-06-07



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