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Chapter 3 Section 1-3 Quiz

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Question
Answer
What do you call the ancient region in the Nile River Valley that is the present-day site of southern Egypt and northern Sudan?   Nubia  
What is a name for the large waterfalls that are found between the merge of the Blue and While Niles and the Mediterranean Sea?   cateracts  
What do you call the plain at the mouth of a river that is formed when sediment is depositied by flowing water?   delta  
What do you call the fine soil found at the bottom of the river?   silt  
What is the title of the kings of ancient Egypt?   pharaoh  
What do you call a series of rulers from the same family or ethnic group?   Dynasty  
What do you call complete control over someone or something?   Absolute power  
What do you call someone who rules for a child until the child is old enough to rule for himself or herself?   Regent  
Who was Hatshepsut?   She seized control of the throne in Egypt and made herself Pharaoh. She was one of the most famous rulers of Egypt.  
Was Hatshepsut the only woman to rule Egypt?   No, but it was usually ruled by men.  
How many dynasties did Egypt have from 3100 BC to 332 BC?   31 dynasties  
The early dynasties of Egypt are broken into how many different time periods?   3 time periods  
What are the names of the three type periods that cover the dynasties rule?   Old Kingdom, Middle Kingdom, and New Kingdom  
What happened in Egypt between the three time periods?   There were major events like wars, invasions and weak rulers.  
Who was king under the first Dynasty of Egypt?   King Menes  
Who was the goddess of truth?   Ma'at  
What kind of power did the pharaohs have?   Absolute power. What ever the pharaoh decided became law.  
Who was the falcon god?   Horus  
Who was the sun god?   Amon-Re  
Who was Thutmose?   He was one of the greatest pharaohs of the New Kingdom.  
What was Hatshepsut's relationship to Thutmose?   She was Thutmose's stepmother.  
What did Thutmose like?   He loved to study plants.  
What was the Old Kingdom noted for? (What was so special?)   It had a well run system of government. There was very little conflict. They sent merchants to the east coast of the Mediterranean to find timber (trees) used for building.  
What was noteworthy about the Middle Kingdom?   They constructed buildings and irrigation (spreading water) projects. They lost control of the county to foreign invaders.  
What was noteworthy about the New Kingdom?   They had big armies. They used Bronze swords and body armor.  
What was so special about King Tutankhamen (King Tut)?   He became the ruler of Egypt as a small child. He died at age 18 and was buried with many precious objects.  
Tell about Thutmose's reign.   He was a child when he started his reign. Be cause he was so young, his stepmom (Hatshepsut) was made his regent. he became the ruler after his step mom died. He then destroyed all her statues.  
How did Hatshepsut became ruler?   She didn't like being the regent for her stepson, so she proclaimed herself to be pharaoh. She ruled for 15 years.  
What caused the New Kingdom end?   Egypt fell to the conqueror Alexander the Great. He was from Macedonia.  
Who was the last Macedonian to rule Egypt?   Queen Cleopatra.  
What did all three kingoms have in common?   They all ended because of weakness, wars and invasion.  
In 31 BC, Egypt became part of what?   The Roman Empire.  
What do you call life after death?   After life  
What do you call a dead body that is preserved in life-like condition?   Mummy  
What do you call the huge building with four sloping triangle-shaped sides.   Pyramids  
Why were the pyramids built?   They were built as royal tombs in Egypt.  
What is the ancient Egyptian city where you will find the Great Pyramid?   Giza  
What do you call pictures and otehr written symbols that stand for things or sounds?   Hieroglyphs  
What is the early form of paper made out of a reed plant found in the marshy areas of the Nile delta?   Papyrus  
What kind of scientist studies the stars and other objects in the sky?   Astronomer  
Which river is the longest river in the world?   Nile  
Where is the Nile River located?   Africa.  
What are the two sources of the Nile River?   The Blue Nile and the White Nile.  
Which is the calmer source of the Nile River?   The White Nile.  
Where do the two sources of the Nile River meet?   There meet in present-day Sudan.  
Where does the Nile River end?   Mediterranean Sea  
How many cateracts can be found in the Nubian section of the Nile River?   6  
Why is the silt of the Nile delta important?   When it is dropped by the river, it creates very fertile soil.  
Who is the god of the Nile?   Hapi  
What did the ancient Egyptions call their land?   Kemet  
What doe the work Kemet stand for?   Black land...because it had dark soil left by the Nile's floods.  
What is the red land?   It is the vast desert land outside of the river banks. (Blistering hot)  
What protected Egypt and Nubia from invaders?   The hot dry desert lands that surrounded them.  
How did the people of Nubia and Egypt benefit from the geography?   They were surrounded by desert...very few people tried to invade.  
Why is the delta important to Egypt?   It had fertile land so the farming communities started there.  
How did the Nile operate as a "Highway for Trade"?   The Nile was used to transport goods.  
How did travel take place in Nubia?   Because of the cateracts, they could not travel by river... instead they used donkeys to travel across the land.  
What were some of the items traded by Nubians?   Ivory tusks, ostich feathers and eggs and panther skins.  
Who was Osiris?   The god of the living and the dead.  
What is the name of Osiris' wife?   Isis  
Why did ancient Egyptians bury their dead with food and other possessions?   They believed that he souls of the dead could not survive in the after life without food, clothing and other items from this life.  
Most of the pyramids were build during which time period?   Old Kingdom  
Who was the Great Pyramid built for?   Khufu...the 2nd king of the 4th Dynasty  
Why did the Egyptians mummify their dead?   It allowed the body to be recognized by it's spirit so that the soul could return to the body for food offerings.  
   


   





 
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