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Chapter 16, pages 549-552 and page 628

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one of top ranking challenges faced by most providers   timeliness & efficiency of shared access to patient information  
patients are misdiagnosed/mistreated due to lack of   timely & easily available information at point of care  
National Health Information Infrastructure NHIN   endeavor working toward vision of an effective, efficient, high-quality health care system harnessing power of shared data to improve hlth of all Americans.  
an Internet-based architecture linking disparate health care info system together allowing sharing of clinical info securely   concept of NHIN as defined by DHHS  
was identified as critical environmental force that would significantly improve health care   HIT  
beneficence   refers to actions that promote the well being of others; taking actions that serve the best interests of patients  
Code of Ethics   guides the practice of people who choose given profession & sets forth values & principles defined by professions as acceptable behavior within practice setting  
ethics   formal process of intentionally & critically analyzing, w/respect to clarity & consistency, the basis for one's moral judgments  
end values   terminal values or goals that most of us strive for  
laws   system of rules, usually enforced through a set of institutions, primary social mediator of relations between people  
mission   broad-term statement of organization's purpose  
defines geographical environment & population that organization serves   mission statement  
morals   motivation based on ideas of right and wrong  
Normative Ethics   arriving at moral standards that regulate right and wrong conduct; search for an ideal litmus test of proper behavior  
nonmaleficence   one of the principal precepts of medical ethics; Latin phrase that means "First, do no harm." The phrase is sometimes recorded as primum nil nocere  
justice   concept of moral rightness based on ethics, rationality, law, natural law, religion, fairness, or equity  
power   ability of one person to influence another person to do something he/she would otherwise not decide to do  
utilitarianism   actions are to extent that they tend to promote happiness & wrong to extent that they tend to promote reverse of happiness  
value   fundamental beliefs.truths that organization adheres to  
Values Clarification   idea that reflecting on & understanding our own value commitments & priorities is an essential process as a precondition for ethically responsive decision making & leadership  
refers to your own moral choices   morality  
refers to formal process of intentionally & critically analyzing basis for your moral judgments for clarity & consistency   ethics  
ethics provides a formal way to   step back from conflict, search for reasons to support one choice over another, & apply reasoning in future  
you should use an ethical decision making process to ensure that you   make reliable moral judgments in your professional practice  
organizing structures that help us identify important language & key concepts & provide for systemic reflection & dialogue   ethical theories  
"Can I as a rational person, consistently will that everyone in a similar situation will act the same way? is an example of   deontological theory  
it supports common moral intuitions about the absolute value of persons and not only the instrumental value   advantage of deontological theory  
inability to decide among duties when they conflict and inability to take some consideration of consequences when they seem to be particularly important   disadvantage of deontological theory  
in recent years, a number of philosophers have come to doubt that there can be   only one correct ethical theory  
ethical theories cannot   provide us with certain truths  
ethical theories can   guide/direct our moral reasoning while striving to make reliable moral judgments  
ethical approach characterized as abstract, impartial & detached   principle-based analysis  
principle-based analysis involving consequences   beneficence & nonmaleficence  
principle-based analysis involving duties   respect for autonomy & justice  
powerful moral claim that others are obligated to respect   rights  
ethical approach based on consideration of whether an action affirms/violates basic human rights   analysis of rights  
considers emotional commitment & a willingness of individuals in relationships to act unselfishly for benefit of others   ethics of care  
values sympathy, compassion, fidelity, discernment, & love   ethics of care analysis  
ethics of care analysis does not include   well-developed basis for providing justification of courses of action  
habit of behaving in a good way   virtue  
ethical approach that examines feelings, motivations, & duties; examines not only actions, but individual’s character as well   virtue-based analysis  
tools used to analyze a problem & build moral justification in a clinical setting   bioethicist’s toolbox  
necessary part of moral analysis   disagreement  
confronting counterarguments & responding to them makes an argument   stronger  
during analysis should always make strongest argument possible for other choice, & then   show why your original argument is stronger  
people can disagree about each of the steps in the   ethical decision making process  
disagreements in the ethical decision making process include:   steps, facts, values involved, or application of moral reasoning.  
resolution of the disagreement of the application of moral reasoning, in ethical decision making process requires   skills of respectful attention, patience & open inquiry  
being thorough & clear thinking, challenge assumptions, figure out where disagreements lie, & striving to resolve them   responsibility in moral reasoning process  
we must help build moral consensus when possible and   respect moral freedom when not  
conscientious objection is   an essential ethical concept  
withdrawing from participation in certain situations because of personal moral beliefs   conscientious objection  
ethical issues is not what is the right thing to do rather how to do it, given the practice environment   moral distress  
JCAHO standards require _____ to help patients, families & staff address ethical issues in clinical care   ethics mechanism  
in order to uphold public's trust in HIM profession, the goal of the study of ethics is to enable HIM professionals to   make reliable moral judgments  
coding professionals are charged with   linking documentation to the cod that reflect its meaning  
for physicians, operative services are billed using   global packages  
for hospitals, operative services are billed using   facility fees  
deliberate deception /falsification that person knows false/doesn’t believe to be true, & that they still make, distinguishing deception could result in an unauthorized benefit to person who commits act   fraud  
incidents/practices of physicians/ broker of equipment that, although not typically deemed fraudulent, are conflicting w/acknowledged sound medical, business or fiscal practices   abuse  
responsible to ensure most current coding/billing guidelines for Medicare are comprehended by themselves, as well as will administrative staff   providers  


   





 
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