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Art History105

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When was the Edict of Milan passed?   313ce  
Who passed the Edict of Milan?   Constantine  
Catacomb   underground burial chambers  
basilica plan   floor plan modeled after Roman Basilicas  
When did Theodosius I divide the empire   when he died in 395ce  
In what year did Ravenna (and Roman empire) fall?   476ce  
Narthex   vestibule  
Transept   perpendicular and transverse aisle between the nave  
Nave   Main aisle if the church  
Apse   place where the altar is  
Clerestory   windows in the upper wall and beneath the timber roof  
Byzantium   The Greek city where New Rome was founded (Constantinople)  
Centralized Plan   A floor plan centered around a dome  
Pendentives   helped open up the area under and support the domes  
Mosaic   an image made of little titles called tessere  
Icon   an image considered to be holy  
medeus aevum   “middle age”  
cloisonnés   Early Medievil metalwork  
interlace   a form of adornment called knotwork  
manuscript illumination   The decoration of holy manuscripts  
Hiberno-Saxon   art from British Monasteries  
Monasticism   The organization of and religious practice of living in monasteries  
Feudalism   Medieval Government where people pledging support to more powerful people  
Pilgrimage   A religious Journey to all the important churches to see their relics  
cult of saints and relics   the collecting of and worshiping of holy objects  
reliquary   container where the holy relic was kept  
barrel vaulting   continuous semi circular cut stone vaults  
Compound Piers   piers with columns or pilasters attached to the rectangle cores  
Ambulatory   like a hallway around the apse  
radiating chapels   chapels built off the apse  
Tympanum   the semi-circular or triangular decorative wall surface over an entrance bounded by a lintel and arch  
ribbed groin vault (“rib vault”)   A groin vault with rib-like supports  
pointed arch   an arch with a point on top  
flying buttress   An arch used to support the walls of the church inside or outside  
jamb statue   are figures carved on the jambs of a doorway or window  
Frederick II   Holy Roman Emperor and King of Sicil  
panel painting   the painting of panels for the altar or walls of a church  


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Created by: Boropiper4 on 2009-11-04

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