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SM VocabTest 3

Quiz yourself by thinking what should be in each of the black spaces below before clicking on it to display the answer.

Adeno -   glands  
Arthro -   joints  
Chondro -   cartilage  
Costo -   rib  
Cryo -   cold  
Derma -   skin  
Dys -   disordered, bad  
Endo-   inside  
Hemo -   blood  
Hydro -   water  
Hyper -   above, beyond, or excessive  
Hypo -   lack of or deficiency; also a position below, under or beneath  
Infra -   below  
Myo -   muscle  
Neuro -   nerves  
Osteo -   bone  
Phlebo -   veins  
Pyo -   pus  
Post -   after  
Pre -   before  
Supra –   above  
-algia   pain  
-ectomy   removed  
-itis   inflammation (tenosynovitis)  
-ology   science (pathology)  
-lysis   loosening from adhesions (neurolysis)  
-osis   abnormal condition (tuberculosis)  
-phobia   fear (claustrophobia)  
-ptosis   falling or sagging (visceroptosis)  
-rrhea   discharging (diarrhea)  
-stomy   forming artificial opening (colostomy)  
-tomy   cutting open of an organ or cavity (tracheotomy)  
- uria   excreted in urine (albuminuria)  
ABDOMEN   Portion of the trunk located between the chest and the pelvisABDUCTION  
ABRASION   Superficial wound of the skin resulting from friction or scraping the skin against a hard surface  
ACHILLES TENDON   The common tendon of gastrocnemius and soleus (calf muscles) which inserts into the posterior of the calcaneus (heel bone)  
ACTION   The muscle movement  
ACUTE   Sharp, abrupt, sudden, such as acute pain, or a course of injury that is relatively severe and short  
ADDUCTION   Movement of a part toward the midline of the body; Opposite of abduction  
AEROBIC   Work or exercise requiring oxygen  
AMNESIA   Lack or loss of memory usually due to head injury, shock, fatigue, or illness  
ANEROBIC   Work or exercise not requiring oxygen  
ANATOMY   The study of structure of form  
ANALGESIC   An agent for producing insensibility to pain  
ANESTHETIC   An agent capable of producing partial or entire loss feeling or sensation  
ANOMALY   Deviation from the common rule; irregularity  
ANTERIOR   Situated in front of; refers to the front of the body or body part  
ANTI-BIOTIC   A drug used to inhibit or kill microorganisms  
ANTI-SEPTIC   An agent, which prevents the growth of bacteria  
APATHY   Lack of emotion or interest; indifference  
APPENDICULAR   The extremities  
ARTHRITIS   Inflammation in a joint  
ARTHROLOGY   The study of joint articulations  
ARTHROSCOPY   Viewing the inside of a joint through an arthroscope using a small video camera lens  
ARTICULATION   The site at which bones meet to form a joint  
ATHLETE’S FOOT   A superficial infection of the toes and feet caused by one of several fungi  
ATROPHY   A decrease in muscle or tissue size usually caused by disease, injury, or loss of innervation  
AVASULAR   Lack of blood circulation  
AVULSION   A tearing or pulling away of a part of a structure  
AXIAL   The body trunk  
BASKETWEAVE   A method of taping for protection usually applied to ankles  
BICEP   A muscle having two heads; Usually refers to the large flexor muscle of the front of the upper arm  
BILATERAL   On the other side (R or L)  
BRADYCARDIA   Slow heart rate  
BRUISE   The result of a blow (contusion) that injures the tissue under the skin and causes visible black and blue marks (ecchymosis)  
BURSA   A small closed sac, lined by specialized connective tissue, which contains a lubricating fluid; Bursa is usually located over bony prominences where muscles or tendons move over the bone end  
BURSITIS   Inflammation of the bursaCALCANEUS  
CALCIFICATION   Hardening by the deposition of salts of lime in the muscle tissue  
CALLUS   A thickening of or a hardthickened area on the skin  
CARTILAGE   A translucent, grizzle-like padding that lies or between most of the joints in the skeleton  
CERVICAL   Pertaining to the neck, especially the 7 vertebrae in the neck  
CHRONIC   Marked by long duration; continued; not acute; In athletics it usually refers to a recurrent injury, or one that has not responded to treatment  
CIRCUMDUCTION   Rotation in a full circleCLAVICLE  
CONCUSSION   The state of being shaken; a severe shaking or jarring of a part, as by an explosion, or a violent blow; shock  
CONTRACTURE   shortening or distorting of tissue; May be permanent due to scaring, or spasmodic and temporary  
CONTRAINDICATE   to advice against (aparticular treatment)  
CONTRALATERAL   On the opposite side  
CONTRAST BATH   Alternation of hot and cold water therapy for an injury  
CONTUSION   An injury to the skin or flesh without laceration; a bruise to bone or muscle from an outside force causing tissue damage and internal bleeding (hematoma)  
CONVULSION   A violent and involuntary contraction or series of contractions of the muscles; a spasm of seizure with or without unconsciousness, which may or may not be associated with various sensory or motor components described underepilepsy  
CREPITUS   A series of cracking sounds such as when ends of a broken bone rub together  
CRYOKINETICS   Treatment by use of cold with exercise movements  
CRYOTHERAPY   Treatment by use of cold  
CYANOSIS   A condition in which the skin becomes blue because of deficient aeration of theblood  
DELTOID   A large triangular muscle that covers the shoulder joint and serves to raise thearm laterally  
DILATION   A state of being enlarged  
DIASTOLIC BP   Force with which blood is pushing against the artery walls when ventricles are relaxed  
DISLOCATION   Complete displacement of a bone from its normal position in a joint  
DISTAL   Remote, farther away from the point of origin; farthest from the head; opposite of proximal  
DORSAL   Toward the back; the backside of the body  
DORSIFLEXION   To bring the foot or hand toward the body  
ECCHYMOSIS   The escape of blood into the tissues caused by a blow that ruptures the blood vessels; Black and blue appearance of the skin  
EDEMA   Swelling due to abnormal accumulation of fluid in tissues or cavities  
EFFUSION   Swelling of the joint due to bursitis or other chronic joint problems  
ETIOLOGY   The causes of an injury or disease  
ERYTHEMA   Abnormal redness of the skin; Caused by dilation and irritation of the superficial capillaries  
EVERSION   Turning the sole of the foot outward, away from the midline of the body  
EXTENSION   The straightening of a limb at a joint; increasing the angle between two bones  
EXTERNAL ROTATION (ER)   Rotating outwardFEMUR  
FIBRILLATION   A quivering or tremor of muscle fibers  
FIBROSIS   A condition marked by an increase of interstitial fibrous tissue  
FIBULA   Small bone of the lower leg;Lateral side  
FLEXIBILITY   The range of motion in a given joint or combination of joints  
FLEXION   The bending of a limb at a joint, decreasing the angle between two bones  
FRACTURE   A break or crack in a bone  
FRONTAL   Divides anterior and posterior sectors  
FUNGICIDE   A chemical agent that destroys fungi  
GERMICIDE   A chemical agent that destroys pathogenic microorganisms  
HAMSTRING MUSCLES, TENDONS   The muscle in the back of the thigh that extend from the pelvis to the upper foreleg, and their tendons; Their main action is to flex the leg at the knee  
HEEL LOCK   A process of anchoring the heel on taping or wrapping an ankle  
HEMATOMA   A swelling composed of blood; internal bleeding, associated with contusions  
HEMATURIA   Presence of blood in the urine  
HEMORRHAGE   A discharging of blood from the blood vessels  
HIP POINTER   A contusion of the iliac crest, very painful and usually very tender to touch  
HORIZONTAL EXTENSION   Backward movement of the arm at the shoulder with the arm in an abducted position  
HOT SPOT   A hot or irritated feeling on the foot that occurs just before a friction blister forms  
HUMERUS   Upper arm bone  
HYDROTHERAPY   Treatment by use of water  
HYPERTHERMIA   Abnormally high body temperature  
HYPOTHERMIA   Abnormally low body temperature; core temperature below 95° F  
HYPERTROPHY   An increase in muscle or tissue size resulting from an increase in the cells that compose the tissue  
INCISION   A cut made surgically with a sharp knife  
INDICATE   To advise the use of (a particular treatment)  
INFECTION   The invasion of a host by organisms, such as bacteria, fungi, viruses, protozoa, or insects with or without manifest disease  
INFERIOR   Toward the bottom or feet, Lower  
INFLAMMATION   A reaction of tissues to injury and infection, characterized by heat, swelling, red mass, pain, and sometimes loss of function  
INNERVATE   To supply with nerves;Through innervation the nerve stimulates the muscle to contract  
INSERTION   The end or part of a muscle by which it is attached to the part to be moved; the place where a muscle ends  
INTERNAL ROTATION (IR)   Rotating inward  
INVERSION   Turning the sole of the foot inward, toward the midline of the body  
ISOTONIC   Dynamic,;An isotonic contraction is a muscular contraction in which the muscle fibers change in length resulting in movement of the adjoining body parts; Muscle works with a change in muscle length; Concentric - shortening; Eccentric - lengthening  
ISOMETRIC   Static; Contraction of a muscle without movement; A muscular contraction in which the muscle fibers do not shorten in length resulting in no movement ; Muscle works with no change in muscle length; Builds static strength,  
ISOKINETIC   Dynamic; A form of isotonic exercise in which maximum resistance is provided through the full range of movement; Muscle works with a change in muscle length and controlled speed; Requires an accommodating resistance device  
JOCK ITCH   An irritated area between the legs complicated by fungus infection  
“JOINT MICE”   Particles or loose bodies within a joint caused by fragmentation of joint surfaces or structures  
KINESIOLOGY   The study of human movement  
LACERATION   A cut or tear of skin or other body tissues usually accompanied by bleeding  
LATERAL   Away from the midline of the body, toward the side  
LESION   A wound or injury  
LIGAMENT   A band of non-elastic, tough connective tissue connecting the articular ends of the bones; frequently the stabilizing element of the joint and joint capsule  
LUMBOSACRAL   Referring to the area of the back where the lumbar and sacral areas are in contact; the “small” of the back  
LUMBAR   Referring to the lowest part of the spine  
LUXATION   Dislocation  
MALLEOLUS   Distal tibia or fibula  
MALLEOLI   Plural of malleolus  
MEDIAL   Situated or occurring in the middle; inside; toward the midline  
MODALITY   An agent used in physical therapy; also any apparatus used for applying such agent; or physical therapeutic agent such as whirlpool, massage, exercise, etc  
MORTISE   A cavity into which some other part fits  
MUSCLE   a tissue composed of contractile fibers or cells  
MUSCLE CRAMP (SPASM)   Painful involuntary contraction of skeletal muscle group  
MYOLOGY   Study of muscles  
MYOSITIS   Inflammation of muscle  
MYOSITIS OSSIFICANS   The formation of new bone following trauma, in tissues that normally do not undergo such a process; Most frequently seen in the quadriceps muscle following a severe blow to the thigh  
NAIL AVULSION   Dislodgment of the nail from its bed by trauma  
NECROSIS   Tissue death  
NERVE   A bundle of nerve fibers, usually outside the brain or spinal cord  
NEUROLOGY   Study of the nervous system  
NEURITIS   Inflammation or irritation due to infection of mechanical pressure on a nerve, causing pain, tenderness, and paresthesia along the course of the nerve  
ORIGIN   The more fixed, central or larger attachment of a muscle; (where a muscle begins)  
OSTEOLOGY   Study of bonesPALLOR  
PALMAR FLEXION   Refers only to the wrists; Movement of the hand at the wrist toward the head from a starting position  
PALPATION   Examination by touch  
PASSIVE   not active; submissive  
PATELLA   Kneecap  
PATHOLOGY   Study of the nature and causes of disease and injury, which cause change in structure, and function of body parts  
PERIOSTEUM   The membrane of connective tissue that closely invests all bones except at the articular surfaces  
PHARYNGITIS   Sore Throat  
PHYSIOLOGY   The study of function  
PLANTAR   Referring to the sole of the foot  
PLANTAR WART   An epidermal tumor of viral origin on the sole of the foot  
PLANTAR FLEXION   Ankle movement pointing toes toward the ground, or away from the body  
POSTERIOR   The back of the body or the body part  
PROGNOSIS   Prediction of the course and end of a disease or eventual outcome of injury  
PRONATION   Rotation of a limb toward the midline of the body, turning the palm downward, flattening the arch of the foot  
PRONE   Face down horizontal position of the body  
PROXIMAL   That end of the limb, which is nearest to the point of origin opposite of distal  
PROTRACTION   Motion moving a body part forward  
PUNCTURE   A hole, slight wound, or other perforation made by a pointed instrument of object  
QUADRICEP MUSCLES/TENDONS   The muscle in the front of the thigh that extend from the pelvis to the upper foreleg, and their tendons; Their main action is to extend the leg at the knee and help flex the hip  
RADIUS   Bone of lateral forearm  
REDUCTION   To bring back to the normal position, as in reducing a dislocated shoulder or a fractured bone; Closed reduction is done without incision; open reduction is done through an incision  
REGURGITATE   To vomit  
RETRACTION   Return of a protracted body part  
RETROGRADE   Going from a better to a worse state; relapse  
ROM   Range of motion  
ROTATION   The act of turning on an axis  
ROTATOR CUFF   Four intrinsic muscles of the shoulder, which originate on the scapula and whose tendons form a circular sheath around the capsule of the humerus; serves to help rotate the arm and keep the humerus in the glenoid fossa during activity  
SAGITTAL   Divides right and left sections  
SCAPULA   Shoulder blade  
SCOLIOSIS   Lateral curvature of the spine  
SEDATIVE   An agent or substance that quiets nervous excitement  
SENSORY   Conveying nerve impulses from the sense organs to the nerve centers  
SESAMOID   A term applied to the small bones situated in the substance of tendons, near certain joints  
SHIN SPLINT   Clinically painful and disabling condition of the lower leg unique to athletes results from overuse of muscles such as the tibialis anterior/posterior; usually associated with running and jumping on hard surfaces or uneven terrain early in the season  
SHOCK   A state of profound depression of the vital processes resulting from wounds, hemorrhaging, crushing injuries, blows, etc  
SIGN   Objective evidence of an injury; something the athlete trainer can see, hear, or feel  
SINUS   A hollow space or cavity  
SPASM   An involuntary contraction of one or more muscles  
SPICA   A figure 8 bandage  
SPRAIN   A stretching or tearing of ligaments and other attachments of a joint following a sudden twisting, wrenching or external force applied to the joint  
STRAIN   An injury of muscles or tendons as a result of overstretching, overextension or powerful contractions against resistance; In training parlance, these are better known as a pull or tear  
SUBACUTE   A stage between acute and chronic with some acute features  
SUBLUXATION   Partial or incomplete dislocation  
SUPERFICIAL   Near the surface (external)  
SUPERFICIAL WOUND   Refers to the surface, as in superficial injuries-those that do not go below the skin; An abrasion  
SUPERIOR   Towards the top or head, upper  
SUPINATION   Rotation of the arm away from the middle of the body; turning the palm of the hand upward  
SUPINE   Horizontal position of the body, lying on the back  
SUTURE   To stitch the skin or tissue in order to join the edges of a wound  
SYNCOPE   A faint due to cerebral anoxia (inadequate oxygen to brain)  
SYNOVITIS   An irritation to the synovial lining of a joint causing pain and discomfort but general no swelling or effusion  
SYSTOLIC BP   Force with which the blood is pushing against the artery walls when the ventricles are contracting  
TACHYCARDIA   An excessively fast heartbeat  
TENDON   A tough cord of band; dense, white, fibrous connective tissue connecting a muscle with some other part (bone), and transmitting the force exerted by the muscle  
TENDONITIS   Irritation, inflammation, and swelling of a tendon, caused by excessive use  
TETANUS   An infectious disease marked by painful tonic muscular contractions caused by the lockjaw bacillus; Players should be immunized against tetanus  
THERAPY   Treatment of an injury or disease  
THERMOTHERAPY   Treatment by use of heat – includes hot packs, analgesics, ultrasound and diathermy  
THORACIC   Relating to the thorax; especially the 12 vertebrae  
THORAX   The upper part of the trunk between the neck and the abdomen; it is formed by the 12 thoracic vertebrae, the 12 pairs of ribs, the sternum, and the muscles and fasciae attached to these  
TIBIA   Large bone of the lower leg; Medial side  
TINNITUS   The sensation of ringing in the ears from traumatic or other causes  
TRANSVERSE   Divides superior and inferior sections  
TRAUMA   An injury, wound, or shock  
ULNA   Medial forearm  
VALGUS   Angulation of the body outward (away from the mid-line)  
VARUS   Angulation of the body inward (toward the mid-line)  
VASOCONSTRICTOR   An agent-causing closing of the blood vessels  
VASODILATOR   An agent-causing opening of the blood vessels  
VENTRAL   Bottom surface, belly; Opposite of dorsal  
VERTIGO   Dizziness  


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