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Histology-Female Reproductive-WVSOM Class of 2012

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Question
Answer
2 functions of ovaries?   steroidogenesis and gametogenesis  
first layer of ovary from outside in? what kind of epithelium?   germinal epithelium; simple cuboidal  
what is capsular layer of ovary? what kind of epithelium?   tunica albuginea; dense irregular connective tissue  
in which follicle does the zona pellucida first appear?   primary follicle  
after the first layer of cuboidal cells appears around the oocyte, what are the subsequent layers of cells referred to as? when do they start to proliferate?   granulosa cells; after the primary follicle  
stromal cells that are recruited to the granulosal cells are referred to as what?   theca folliculi  
granulosa cells that surround the oocyte are what?   corona radiata  
what do the theca interna secrete?   estrogen  
what is the liquor folliculi?   goop in the antrum in the mature follicle  
how long does corpus luteum remain after ovulation?   12 days  
what is the corpus luteum made from? what do these secrete?   granulosa luteum and theca luteum; progesterone and estrogen  
what does progesterone inhibit?   fsh  
aside from collagen, what other cell is seen in the corpus albicans?   fibroblasts  
what are the two cells in the oviduct? what are their functions?   peg cells and ciliated cells; nourishment of oocyte, movement of oocyte down the oviduct  
what are the two layers of the endometrium?   superficial functional and deeper basal layers  
what does the deep basal layer do?   provides source for endometrial growth after sloughing off  
where are the coiled arteries located? straight arteries?   functional layer; deep basal layer  
what is the other name for the proliferative phase?   follicular phase  
what is the other name for the secretory phase?   luteal phase  
what happens 1 day after lh spike?   ovulation  
what do nabothian cysts come from?   blocked ducts due to cervical gland edema (secretory back up)  
during ovulation, what happens to cervical glands? why?   becomes watery to allow sperm entry  
what are the 3 layers of vagina?   stratified squamous, glandless mucosa, and skeletal muscle  
in active breast tissue, there are 2 dozen what?   tubuloalveolar glands  
flow of breast milk from inside out?   tubuloalveolar glands->lactiferous duct->lactiferous sinus->nipple  


   





 
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