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5 Themes of geography   Location, Place, Human-Environment Interaction, Movement, Region  
Absolute Location   Provides a definite reference to locate a place. The reference can be latitude and longitude, at street address,or even the Township and Range system.  
Relative Location   Describes a place with respect to its environment and its connection to other places.  
Human-Environment Interaction   This considers how humans adapt to and modify the environment.Humans shape the landscape through their interaction with the land;this has both positive and negative effects on the environment.  
Region   Divides the world into manageable units for geographic study.Regions have some sore of characteristics that unifies the area.  
Formal Regions   They are designated by official boundaries, such as cities,stated,counties,and countries.For most part, they are clearly indicated and publicly known.  
Functional Region   Defined by their connections,for example,the circulation area for a major city area is the functional region of that paper.  
Vernacular Region   Perceived regions such as "The South","The Midwest" or the "Middle East",they have no formal boundaries but are understood in our mental maps of the world.  
Population Distribution   The spatial arrangement of people  
Population Density   The number of people per unit area  
Physiologic Density   The number of people per square mile  
Globalization   A growing integration and interdependence of world communities through a vast network of trade and communication links.  
Orographic Effect   Mountains create a barrier to a moving air mass that must be overcome,which in the process modifies the temperature and moisture characteristics of the air mass.The result is excess precipitation on the windward side and drought on the leeward side of the  
Cartography   Science of map-making.Designing paper or digital maps.  
Longitude   Angular distance east or west on the earth's surface.  
Latitude   Distance north and south of the equator.  
Prime Meridian   The meridian running through London,from which longitude east and west is reckoned. Divides the earth into Eastern and Western Hemisphere.  
Equator   The great circle of the earth that is equidistant from the North Pole and South Pole.A circle separating a the northern and southern hemisphere.  
International Date Line   An imaginary line on the surface of the Earth,passes through the middle of the Pacific Ocean,but deviates to pass around some territories and island groups.Runs from the north and south pole and separates one calendar day from the next.  
Ecosystem   A community of living organisms(plants,animals and microbes)in conjunction with the the nonliving components of their environment(things like air,water,and mineral soil),interacting as a system.  
Population Distribution   Pattern of where people live.Arrangement or spread of a particular species or organisms in a given geographical area.  
Sparsely Populated   Few people,difficult places to live,places with hostile environment.  
Densely Populated   Contain many people,habitable environment,example Europe.  
Population Density   Measurement of the number of people in an area.Its an average number. Number of people divided by area equals population density per square kilometer.  
Central Place Theory   A theory that seeks to explain the number,size,and location of human settlements in an urban system.  
Spatial Integration   Process whereby the settlement frontier is eliminated through the creation of trade areas and the establishment of ties with core areas and the surrounding communities.  
Common tasks of geographers.   Design surveys or questionnaires to gain data.Analyze statistics.Advise industry,gov,or other groups on issues on urban planning,tourism,land,and marine use,and environment.Conduct fieldwork.Prepare maps,graphs.Prepare and present research findings.  
Earthquake Definition   A sudden and violent shaking of the ground,sometimes causing great destruction,as a result of movements within the earths crust or volcanic action.  
Earthquakes happen where?   Produced along faults,tectonic plates,boundary zones,or along the mid-oceanic ridges.  
Developing Nations Characteristics   Low death Rate,high birth rate,major economic development,urbanization and industrialization growth.  
Developed countries   Australia,Austria,Belgium,Canada,Denmark,Finland,France,Germany,Greece,Iceland,Israel,Italy,Japan,Malta,Netherlands,New Zealand,Norway,Portugal,Spain,Sweden,Switzerland,Turkey,United Kingdom,Untied States  
Effects of deforestation   Loss of species,carbon emissions,water cycle,soil erosion,life quality,  
Deforestation   To divest or clear of forest or trees.  
Natural Resource   Something,such as a forest,a mineral deposit,or fresh water,that is found in nature and is necessary or useful to humans.  
Renewable   able to renewed,something that is renewable  
Nonrenewable   Not able to be restored,replaced,recommenced, etc:nonrenewable resources  
Rural   living in the country,pertaining to,or the country, country life, or country people  
Urban   pertaining to,or designated a city or town,living in a city  
Suburban   pertaining to,or inhabiting,or being in a suburb or the suburbs of a city or town  
Subtropical   bordering on the tropics,20-35 degrees,Hot,humid summers and generally mild winters.  
Tundra   0-20 degrees latitude,Frost anytime,short growing season,subsoil is permafrost.Short hot summers,severe winters.  
Continental   45-60 degrees latitude,cold and dry winters,hot summers  
Tropical   60 degrees and higher latitude,warm, temperatures change less than 5 degrees,no cold season.  


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Created by: Klangk on 2014-03-18

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