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PDST ICT definitions

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Memory Stick   Type of miniature mobile storage medium that is capable of storing data files. Memory Sticks typically are used in digital cameras, laptops, computers, and photo printers. Both an input and output device  
Internet   A global network connecting millions of computers, making it possible to exchange information.  
DVD   Digital Versatile Disk  
Database   A collection of pieces of information that is organized and used on a computer. Used by businesses to store information about stock, suppliers or customers.  
Spreadsheet   A computer program with a grid of rows and columns containing numbers, text, and formulas used to perform calculations, prepare budgets and accounts. Microsoft Excel is an example of a spreadsheet program.  
Word Processing   The use of software application to create, edit, format, print and save text-based documents, such as letters, reports, and memos. Microsoft Word is a word processing program.  
ICT   Information and Communications Technology  
IT   Information Technology  
ROM   Read Only Memory  
RAM   Random Access Memory  
CPU   Central Processing Unit, Abbreviation of central processing unit. The CPU is the brains of the computer. Sometimes referred to simply as the processor or central processor, the CPU is where most calculations take place.  
LAN   Local Area Network  
WAN   Wide Area Network  
CD   Compact Disc  
USB   Universal Serial Bus  
WWW   World Wide Web  
Hardware   The tangible, physical computer equipment that can be seen and touched, e.g. mouse, monitor, keyboard  
Software   A program or instructions that give directions to the computer, e.g. Microsoft Word  
Input Devices   Enable the user to input data and commands into the computer. Examples include keyboard, touch-screen, scanner, mouse, joystick  
Output Devices   Devices that enable the computer to give the user the results of the processed data, e.g. monitor, printer, speakers  
Operating System   The basic software that manages a computer, e.g. Windows 7, MAC OS  
Network   Connects one computer to other computers and peripheral devices, e.g. printers, scanners  
Videoconferencing   A real-time meeting that takes place between people in different locations via computers and the internet  
Keyboard   An input device that enters data with letters, numbers, symbols, and special function keys.  
Mouse   A hand-operated electronic device that controls the coordinates of a cursor on your computer screen as you move it around. An example of an input device.  
Printer   A machine that prints characters or other images on paper. An example of an output device.  
Modem   Computer hardware that allows information to be passed through the telephone lines or over the internet. An input and output device.  
Wifi   Short for "Wireless Fidelity." refers to technology that allows computers and other devices to communicate over a wireless signal.  
Memory   Computer chips that store data and programs while the computer is working; often called RAM or Random Access Memory  
Email   Electronic Mail - the electronic transfer of messages from one computer to another using the internet  


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Created by: EvieR13 on 2014-02-27

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