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chapter 2

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abdominal cavity   The cavity within the abdomen, the space between the abdominal wall and the spine.  
adenectomy   1.surgical removal of a gland  
adenocarcinoma   is a type of cancer that may affect various organs. It is derived from the word “adeno” meaning 'pertaining to a gland' and “carcinoma” meaning ...  
adenoma   a benign tumor that forms from glandular cells. Adenomas do not usually spread, although they can be dangerous  
adenomalacia   Undue softness of a gland.  
adenosclerosis   Hardening of a gland.  
anaplasia   Reversion of cells to an immature or a less differentiated form, as occurs in most malignant tumors.  
anatomy   •Dissection of a plant or animal to study the structure, position, and interrelation of its various parts.  
anomaly   •Deviation or departure from the normal or common order, form, or rule.  
anterior   •Located on or near the front of an organ or on the ventral surface of the body in humans.  
aplasia   is the condition of being born without a certain organ or tissue. Though aplasia can be fatal, it is not always so, since...  
bloodborne transmission   is just one of the ways some viruses are spread. Hepatitis A and hepatitis E are spread a different way  
caudal   Caudal regression syndrome is a disorder that impairs the development of the lower (caudal) half of the body. Affected areas can include the lower  
cephalic   presentation is a situation at childbirth where the fetus is in a longitudinal lie and the head enters the pelvis first  
chromosomes   is an organized structure of DNA and protein that is found in cells. It is a single piece of coiled DNA containing many genes, regulatory elements  
communicable disease   a disease that can be communicated from one person to another. disease - an impairment of health or a condition of abnormal  
congenital disorder   is a medical condition that's present at birth.  
cytoplasm   is basically the substance that fills the cell.  
distal   refers to sites located away from a reference point.  
dorsal   structures are located on a marine animal.  
dysplasia   is a term used in pathology to refer to an abnormality of development.  
endemic   native, characteristic of, or belonging to a particular people, country, area, locality, or field  
endocrine glands   A gland that secretes a substance (a hormone)  
epidemic   The occurrence of more cases of disease than expected in a given area or among  
epigastric region   the middle and pyloric end o the stomach, left lobe of the liver , the pancreas, the duodenum, part of the kidneys and the suprarenal capsules.  
etiology   Pathology. a. the study of the causes of diseases. b. the cause or origin of a disease.  
exocrine glands   are glands whose secretions pass into a system of ducts that lead ultimately to the exterior of the body. So the inner surface of the glands  
functional disorder   of mitochondria are defined not by what they are, but by what they are not: they generally do not result in structural anomalies.  
genetic disorder   is a disease caused by a different form of a gene called a variation, or an alteration of a gene called a mutation.  
geriatrician   are initially trained in family practice or internal medicine and then complete at least one additional year of specialized training in Geriatrics  
hemophilia   is a rare hereditary (inherited) bleeding disorder in which blood cannot clot normally at the site of a wound or injury.  
histology   is an essential component to the art and science of pathology.  


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