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the main nitrogen-containing waste excreted in the urine
a substance or drug that tends to increase the discharge of urine
a distensible membranous sac in which the urine excreted from the kidneys is stored before it is secreted
Loop of Henle
the segment of the nephron of a vertebrate kidney that is situated between the proximal and distal convoluted tubules. It plays a role in the transport of ions and water and the concentrating of urine
an anhydride that is abundant in muscle and is excreted through urine as metabolic waste
a knot of blood vessels in the kidney projecting into the capsular end of a urine-secreting tubule
the inner cor of the kidneys
one of a pair of organs in the dorsal region of the vertebrate abdominal cavity, functioning to maintain proper water and electrolyte balance, regulate acid-base concentration, and filter the blood of metabolic wastes, which are then excreted as urine
the canal through which urine passes from the bladder to the outside of the body
the double membrane surrounding the glomeruus of a nephron
an artery originating from the abdominal aorta and supplying the kidneys and adrenal glands and ureters
structural and functional units of the kidney
tubes that carry urine from the kidney to the bladder
is a tough fibrous layer surrounding the kidney and covered in a thick layer of perinephric adipose tissue
is a heterocyclic compound of carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, and hydrogen with the formula C5H4N4O3. Uric acid is created when the body breaks down purine nucleotides.
the waves of contraction seen in tubelike organs; propels substances along the tract