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Chapter 8

Quiz yourself by thinking what should be in each of the black spaces below before clicking on it to display the answer.
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Answer
Site where two or more bones meet   Articulation  
Function of joints   Give skeleton mobility & hold the skeleton together  
Three structural classification of joint   Fibrous, Carilaginous, & Synovial  
focuses on the material binding bones together and whether or not a joint cavity is present   Stuctural classification  
Based on the amount of movement allowed by the joint   Functional classification  
Three functional classifications are   Synarthroses, Amphiarthroses, & Diarthroses  
immovable joint   Synarthroses  
Slightly movable joint   Amphiarthroses  
Freely movable joint   Diarthroses  
Bones are joined by fibrous tissues   Fibrous Structural Joints  
Three types of Fibrous Structural Joints   sutures, syndesmoses, & gomphoses  
Occur between the bones of the skull   Sutures  
Coprised of interlocking juctions completely filled with connective tissue fibers   Sutures  
Bind bones tightly together, but allow for growth during youth   Sutues  
In middle age, sjull bones fuse   Synostoses  
Bones connected by a fibrous tissue ligament   Syndesmoses  
Movement varies from immovable to slightly variable   Syndesmoses  
Connection between the tibia & fibula and the radius & ulna   Syndesmoses  
Peg-in-socket fibrous joint between a tooth and its alveolar socket   Gomphoses  
Fibrous connection of Gomphoses is the   Periodontal ligament  
Articulating bones are untid by cartilage   Cartilaginous joints  
Two types of Cartilaginous joints   Synchondroses & Symphyses  
A bar or plate of hyaline cartilage unites the bones   Synchondroses  
Hyaline cartilage covers the articulating surface of the bone and is fused to an intervening pad of fibrocartilage   Symphyses  
Amphiarthrotic joints designed for strenght and flexibility   Symphyses  
Joints in which the articulationg vones are separated by a fluid-containing joint cavity   Synovial Joints  
All are freely movable diarthroses   Synovial Joints  
General Struture of Synovial joints   Articular cartilage, Articular capsule, Joint cavity, Synovial fluid, & Reinforcing ligaments  
Flattened, fibrous sacs lined with synovial membranes and containing synovial fluid   Bursae  
elongated bursa that wraps completely around a tendon   Tendon sheath  
Stability in Synovial joints is determined by   Articular surfaces & Ligaments  
Shape determines what movements are possible in Synovial joints   Articualr surfaces  
In Snovial joints unite bones and prevent excessive or undesirable motion   Ligaments  


   


 
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