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endocrine system

Quiz yourself by thinking what should be in each of the black spaces below before clicking on it to display the answer.
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Question
Answer
Hormone produced by Thyroid Gland   Thyroxine (T4) and Triioodothyronine (T3)  
Function of T4 and T3 hormones   Maintain normal level of metabolism in all body cells  
Hormone produced by Parathyroid Gland   parathyroid hormone (PTH)  
Function of the parathyroid hormone   mobilized calcium from bones into the bloodstream  
Hormone produced by the Adrenal Gland   Steroids and Corticosteroids from adrenal cortex AND catecholamines from adrenal medulla  
Hormone produced by the Pancrea   insulin and glucagon  
Function of Pancreas' hormones   regulate blood glucose  
Hormone produced by Pituitary gland   Growth hormone (GH Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) Gonadotropic hormones Prolactin (PRL) Antidiuretic hormone (ADH) Oxytocin (OT)  
Hormone produced by the Ovaries   estrogen and progesterone  
Function of estrogen   stimulate development of egg and female sex characteristics  
Function of progesterone   responsible for the preparation and maintenance of the uterus in pregnancy  
Hormone produced by Testes   testosterone  
Function of testosterone   stimulates development of sperm and secondary sex characteristics in the male  
aden/o   gland  
adren/o, adrenal/o   adrenal gland  
gonad/o   sex glands  
pancreat/o   pancreas  
parathyroid/o   parathyroid gland  
pituitar/o   pituitary gland  
thyr/o, thyroid/o   thyroid gland  
andr/o   male  
calc/o , claci/o   calcium  
cortic/o   cortex  
crin/o   secrete  
dips/o   thirst  
estr/o   female  
gluc/o , glyc/o   sugar  
home/o   sameness  
hormon/o   hormone  
kal/i   potassium  
lact/o   milk  
myx/o   mucus  
natr/o   sodium  
phys/o   growing  
somat/o   body  
ster/o   solid structure  
toc/o   childbirth  
toxic/o   poison  
ur/o   urine  
-agon   assemble, gather together  
-emia   blood condition  
-in, -ine   a substance  
-tropin   stimulating the function of  
-uria   urine condition  
eu-   good, normal  
hyper-   excessive;above  
hypo-   deficient; below  
oxy-   rapid, sharp, acid  
pan-   all  
tetra-   four  
tri-   three  
Overactivity of the thyroid gland   hyperthyroidism  
Underactivity of the thyroid gland   hypothyroidism  
Group of symptoms produced by excess cortisol from the adrenal cortex   cushing syndrome  
Hypofunctioning of the adrenal cortex   addison disease  
Lack of insulin secretion or resistance of insulin in promoting sugar   diabetes mellitus  
Diabetes onset in childhood, involving destruction of the beta islet of the pancreas and requires frequent injections of insulin   Type 1  
Diabetes that occurs in older people, obesity is very common   Type 2  
Excessive secretion of antidiuretic hormone   syndrome of inappropriate ADH  
Insufficient secretion of antidiuretic hormone   diabetes insipidus (DI)  
ACTH   adrenocorticotropic hormone  
ADH   antidiuretic hormone  
DM   diabetes mellitus  
FBS   fasting blood sugar  
FSH   follicle-stimulating hormone  
IDDM   insulin dependent diabetes mellitus  
NIDDM   non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus  
SIADH   syndrome of inappropriate ADH  


   






 
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