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respiratory system

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Question
Answer
Listening to sounds within the body   auscultation  
Tapping on a surface to determine the difference in the density of the underlying structure   percussion  
Scratchy sound produced by the motion of inflamed or irritated pleural surfaces rubbing against each other; also called friction rub   pleural rub  
Fine crackling sound heard on auscultation when there is fluid in the alveoli   rale  
Material expelled from the chest by coughing or clearing the throat   sputum  
Strained, high-pitched, relatively loud sound made on inspiration;associated with obstruction of the larynx or trachea   stridor  
Continuous high-pitched whistling sound heard when air is forced through a narrow space during inspiration or expiration   wheezing  
Incomplete expansion of alveoli collapsed, functionless, airless lung or portion of a lung   atelectasis  
Hyperinflation of air sacs with destruction of alveolar walls   emphysema  
Acute inflammation and infection of alveoli, which fill with pus or products of the inflammatory reaction   pneumonia  
Clot or other material lodges in vessels of the lung   pulmonary embolism (PE)  
Infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis; lungs usually are involved, but any organ in the body may be affected   tuberculosis (TB)  
Abnormal accumulation of fluid in the pleural space   pleural effusion  
Collection of air in the pleural space   pneumothorax  
Shortness of breath   dyspnea  
Abnormally rapid breathing   tachypnea  
COPD   chronic obstructive pulmonary disease  
CPR   cardiopulmonary resuscitation  
CXR   chest x-ray  
LLL   left lower lobe  
LUL   left upper lobe  
PCP   pneumocystis pneumonia  
SOB   shortness of breath  
URI   upper respiratory infection  
V/Q scan   ventilation-perfusion scan  
PFT   pulmonary function tests  
RLL   right lower lobe  
RUL   right upper lobe  
adenoid/o   adenoids  
alveol/o   alveolus, air sac  
bronchi/o   bronchial tube, bronhus  
bronchiol/o   bronchiole, small bronchus  
capn/o   carbon dioxide  
coni/o   dust  
cyan/o   blue  
epiglott/o   epiglottis  
laryng/o   larynx, voice box  
lob/o   lobe of the lung  
mediastin/o   mediastinum  
nas/o   nose  
orth/o   straight/upright  
ox/o   oxygen  
pector/o   chest  
pharyng/o   pharynx, throat  
phon/o   voice  
phren/o   diaphragm  
pleur/o   pleura  
pneum/o, pneumon/o   air, lung  
pulmon/o   lung  
rhin/o   nose  
sinus/o   sinus, cavity  
spir/o   breathing  
tel/o   complete  
thorac/o   chest  
tonsill/o   tonsils  
trache/o   trachea, windpipe  
-ema   condition  
-osmia   smell  
-pnea   breathing  
-ptysis   spitting  
sphyxia   pulse  
-thorax   pleural cavity, chest  


   






 
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