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Ancient Mesopotamia

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Mesopotamia   the region between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers  
floodplain   the flat land bordering a river  
silt   the fine soil deposited by flood waters  
semiarid   having little rainfall and warm temperatures  
drought   little rainfall  
Sargon   took control of northern and southern Mesopotamia  
Akkadian   first empire in world history  
Babylonian Empire   started when the Amorites attacked and controlled city-states in Sumer  
Assyrians   fierce fighters who fought on horseback and with chariots  
Persians   defeated the Chaldeans and Medes and ruled with tolerance  
Medes and Chaldeans   defeated the Assyrians  
Nebuchadnezzar   lead the Chaldeans  
Nebuchadnezzar   built the Hanging Gardens, Ishtar Gate, and Tower of Babel  
stylus   sharpened reed used to press markings into clay  
scribe   a person who specializes in writing and serves as a record keeper  
polytheism   belief in many gods and goddesses  
cuneiform   wedged-shaped writing invented by the Sumerians  
Sumerian inventions   wheel, plow, cuneiform, potter's wheel  
empire   collection of many peoples and lands under control of one ruler  
emperor   ruler of an empire  
Hammurabi   ruler of Babylonian Empire  
surplus   more than what is needed to survive  
civilization   advanced form of culture  
Sumer   civilization in southern Mesopotamia  
city-state   political unit that includes a city and nearby farmland  
ziggurat   temple that was the most important structure in the city and also used as a city hall  
Order of the Mesopotamian empires   Akkadian, Babylonian(Amorites), Assyrian, Chaldeans (New Babylonians) Persians  
What was the Royal Road?   Road used for government purposes – royal messages were sent on it  


   


 
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Created by: wiltsb