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Executive Branch Vocabulary

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Term
Definition
Administration   A team of executive branch officials appointed by each president  
Ambassador   a diplomatic agent of the highest rank accredited to a foreign government or sovereign as the resident representative of his or her own government or sovereign or appointed for a special and often temporary diplomatic assignment.  
Biennial   taking place every other year  
Budget   an estimate of income and expenditure for a set period of time  
Bureaucracy   An organization of government departments, agencies, and offices  
Cabinet   an important group of policy advisers to the president, made up of executive department heads and a few other officials  
Checks and Balances   system used in order to keep one branch of government from getting too powerful  
Commission   A group of people, or planning board, appointed to a certain job by a local government  
Commute   to change a prison sentence to a less severe one  
Diplomacy   conducting negotiations and maintaining relations between nations  
Electoral College   a body of people representing the states of the United States  
Electors   people who promise to cast votes for the candidate selected by voters  
Embacy   the official residence or offices of an ambassador  
Executive Agencies   part of a government department that is treated as managerially and budgetarily separate  
Executive Departments   branch of federal and state government that is broadly responsible for implementing, supporting, and enforcing the laws made by the legislative branch and interpreted by the judicial branch.  
Federalism   The division of powers between the states and the federal, or national, government  
Government   governing body of a nation, state or community  
Impeach   When a majority of the members of the house of representatives accuse the president or other high government official, such as a federal judge, of serious wrongdoing  
Order of Succession   the order in which individuals are expected to succeed one another in some official position line  
Pardon   a government decision to allow a person who has been convicted of a crime, to be free and absolved of that conviction, as if never convicted  
Regulatory Commission   United States government agency, established in 1977 to oversee the country's transmission and pricing of a variety of energy resources  
Reprieve   presidential power to postpone the execution of a sentence imposed by a court of law  
State of the Union   an annual message to Congress in which the president reports on the state of the nation and outlines a legislative program  
Separation of Powers   dividing government power between legislative, executive, and judicial branch  
Veto   Presidents power of rejected a bill and sending it back to Congress to be voted on again.  


   






 
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Created by: Hunter R