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Vocabulary for Module #2: Energy, Heat, and Temperature

Quiz yourself by thinking what should be in each of the black spaces below before clicking on it to display the answer.

Energy   The ability to do work  
Work   The force applied to an object times the distance that the object travels parallel to that force  
Heat   Energy that is transferred as a consequence of temperature differences  
The first law of thermodynamics   Energy cannot be created or destroyed. It can only change form.  
Potential energy   Energy that is stored  
Kinetic energy   Energy that is in motion  
Joule   The metric unit for energy  
C= 5/9(F-32)   Equation for converting fahrenheit to celsius  
F=9/5(C)+32   Equation for converting celsius to fahrenheit  
K=C+273.15   Equation for converting celsius to kelvin  
Calorie (cal)   The amount of heat necessary to warm one gram of water one degree Celsius  
1 calorie = _.___ Joules   4.184  
1 food calorie = ____ chemistry calories   1,000  
Specific heat   The amount of heat necessary to raise the temperature of 1 gram of a substance by 1 degree Celsius  
1.000 cal/g.^0 C or 4.184 J/g.^0 C   The specific heat of water  
-q object = q water +q calorimeter   calorimetry equation  


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