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6th grade words- By: Ashley Patterson

Quiz yourself by thinking what should be in each of the black spaces below before clicking on it to display the answer.
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Stress   The forces that push and pull on the Earths crust causes its deformation.  
Crust   The surface layer of the Earth.  
Deformation   In geology, any change in the ordinal shape or volume of rocks.  
Compression   The type of stress that squeezes rocks together.  
Tension   The type of stress that pulls rocks apart.  
Shearing   The type of stress that pushes the rocks of the crust in two opposite, horizontal directions.  
Facture   In minerals, the way a minerals that does not cleave breaks along a rough or jagged surface.  
Fault   A break or crack along which rocks move.  
Hanging Wall   The block of rock above a fault.  
Foot Wall   The bock of rock below a fault  
Normal Fault   A fault in which the hanging wall moves down relative to the foot wall  
Reverse Fault   A fault in which the hanging wall moved up relative to the foot wall.  
Thrust Fault   A reverse fault in which the hanging wall slides over the foot water  
Lateral Fault   A fault along which the blocks move horizontally passed each other.  
Fault-Black Mountains   A mountain formed by blocks of rock uplifted from normal faults.  
Rift Vally   A valley formed when the block of land between two normal faults slides downwards.  
Fold   A blend in rock.  
Anticline   An upward fold in rock.  
Syncline   A downwards fold in rock.  
Plateau   A large area of flat land that is rises above sea level and contains of horizontal rock layers.  
Dome   A rises area shaped roughly like the top hafe of a sphere, often formed by magma pushing upward on the rock layer above it.  
Mantle   The layer of the Earth that extends from the bottom of the crust to the core.  
Isostasy   The balancing of the downward force of the crust and the upward force of the mantle.  


   






 
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