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Vocabulary for the handbook

Quiz yourself by thinking what should be in each of the black spaces below before clicking on it to display the answer.

Absolute Location   The exact spot where something is located, usually its latitude and longitude.  
Cardinal Directions   Located on the compass rose, they are North ,South , East, and West.  
Climate   Weather patterns in an area usually experienced over a long period of time.  
Compass Rose   A navigational instrument; may include cardinal and intermediate directions  
Continent   One of the seven large landmasses of the earth.  
Distortion   A change in the accuracy of shapes, direction, or distances shown on maps.  
Environment   Our surroundings  
Equator   An imaginary latitude line located between the north and south poles at 0 degrees.  
Geography   The study of Earth and the people who live on it and how they use it.  
Hemispheres   Half of the Earth; there are four  
Intermediate Directions   Northeast; Southeast; Northwest;Southwest  
Key/Legend   The section of a map that explains the symbols for the map features  
Latitude/Parallel   Imaginary lines that go from east to west and are parallel to the equator. Line go east to west but measure north and south.  
Longitude/Meridian   Imaginary lines that run from the north pole to the south pole . Line go north to south but measure east and west.  
Prime Meridian   Imaginary line of longitude that runs from the north pole to the south pole at 0*  
Region   Areas that share similar characteristics  
Relative location   The approximate spot where something is located, usually compared to other places  
Scale   The size of an area on a map as compared with the area's actual size  
Tropic of Cancer   Imaginary line at 23.5 degrees north of the equator  
Tropic of Capricorn   Imaginary line at 23.5 degrees south of the equator  
Arctic Circle   66.5 degrees north of the equator  
Antarctic Circle   66.5 degrees south of the equator  
Place   An area that is defined by everything in it  
Movement   The way that people, products, information and ideas move from place to place  
Human - Environment Interaction   How people adapt to their environment and how they change it  
Types of Maps   Political, Physical, Topographical, Climate. Road Map, Thematic  
Line Graph   Shows changes over a period of time  
Circle Graph   Graph used to show parts to a whole. Uses 100%  
Bar Graph   Uses bars to compare quantities  
Diagram   Drawing showing steps in a process or parts of something  
Climograph   Shows precipitation and temperature over a period of time (climate)  
Pictograph   Use pictures or symbols to show comparisons  
Charts   Presents facts and numbers in rows or columns for easy references  
Globe   Spherical Model of the Earth  
Elevation   Height above sea level  
Axis   Vertical and horizontal lines on a graph  
Grid System   Network of lines that form latitude and longitude  
GIS   Computer software use to make maps  
Physical Map   Shows landform and water features  
Political Map   Shows names and boundaries of countries  
North Pole   90 degrees north  
South Pole   90 degrees south  
Great Circle Route   Geographers use this to show the shortest distance between to places.  
Contour Map   This map is used to show elevation  
Population Density   Average number of people living in a square mile  


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Created by: ssenior