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CNS

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Functions of the cerebrum:   Largest portion of brain, has two hemispheres, origination of conscious thought, sensations, intellectual functions, memory storage, complex movements. NOT autonomic  
What axons of CNS motor neurons control muscles and glands   Ventral roots  
Optic nerve   Retina of eye  
Visual association area   Where the ability to read is developed, facial recognition,  
Analytical tasks (math and logic) carried out in:   Left cerebral hemisphere  
What is important for reciprocal inhibition to occur:   inter neurons in spinal cord  
The meningeal area that contains spinal fluid:   Archnoid mater  
Medulla oblongata:   Regulates heart rate and blood pressure.  
The ability to predict the consequence of an action is in:   Prefrontal cortex  
The flexor reflex is:   A withdrawal reflex  
Sensory information enters the spinal cord through the:   Dorsal root  
Most superficial mater:   Dura mater  
"Oh Once One Takes The Anatomy Final, Very Good Vacations Are Heavenly" mnemonic stands for what:   Cranial nerves: Olfactory, Optic, Oculomotor, Trochlear, Trigeminal, Abducens, Facial, Vestibulochlear, Glossopharyngeal, Vagus, Accessory, Hypoglossal.  
Olfactory nerve: Number/Innervention   I : Only crainial nerves attached to cerebrum, sensory information responsible for sense of smell.  
Optic Nerves: Number/Innervention   II : Carry visual information from eyes; Retina of eye  
Oculomotor Nerve: Number/Innervention   III : Motor: intrinsic eye muscles that control amount of light entering eye, 4 of 6 muscles that control eye.  
Trochlear Nerves: Number/Innervention   IV : Motor: Smallest of cranial nerves; Superior oblique muscle of eye  
Trigeminal Nerve: Number/Innervention   V : Sensory and motor, Largest of cranial nerves, sensory information from hear and face, motor control over chewing muscles, salivary glands, and anterior portions of the tongue.q  
Abducens Nerves: Number/Innervention   VI : motor, lateral rectus muscle of eye  
Facial Nerves: Number/Innervention   VII : taste receptors on the anterior 2/3 of tongue, muscles of facial expression, tear glands, and submandibular and sublingual salivary glands.  
Vestibulocochlear Nerves: Number/Innervention   VIII : Cochlea (receptors for hearing), Vestibule (receptors for motion and balance)  
Glossopharyngeal Nerves: Number/Innervention   IX : Posterior 1/3 of tongue, receptors for blood pressure, parotid salivary glands.  
Vagus Nerves: Number/Innervention   X : Pharynx, diaphram, visceral organs, pH, abdonimnal pelvic cavities,  
Accessory Nerves: Number/Innervention   XI : voluntary muscles of palate, pharynx, larynx, and trapezius muscles  
Hypoglossal Nerves: Number/Innervention   XII : Tongue Muscles  
Reflex Arc:   Receptor, Sensory neuron, Interneuron, Motor neuron, effector  
Occipital Lobe Processes:   Visual Information  
What does the right frontal lobe control   Left side of body  
Cerebellum:   Adjusts voluntary and involuntary movements, controls balance and programming, and fine tuning of learned movements.  
Pulling away from a painful stimulus is an example of:   Withdrawal relfex  
How many segments on the spinal cord:   31  
Hypothalmus:   contains centers in emotion, automatic functions, and hormone production.  
Pituitary gland:   Primary link between the neurons and endocrine system.  
Brain stem:   Contains midbrain, pons, and medulla oblongatata. Relay station.  
Medulla oblongata:   Segement of brain attached to spinal cord.  
Cerebrospinal Fluid   what brain floats in, produced in charoid plexus,  
Cerebral cortex   where gray matter is found, covers cerebral hemispheres  


   


 
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Created by: iessnorris