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Ch. 10 - Musculoskeletal/ Terms (final)

Quiz yourself by thinking what should be in each of the black spaces below before clicking on it to display the answer.
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Term
Definition
fracture   breaking of a bone  
simple (closed) fracture   fracture w/out a skin wound  
compound (open) fracture   fracture w/ a wound on the skin  
ankylosis   stiffness and immobility of a joint  
spondylosis   degeneration of the verterbrae  
sprain   tearing of a ligament  
strain   over usage of a muscle; stretching a muscle beyond its elasticity  
dislocation   displacement of a bone from its normal position in a joint  
subluxcation   partial or incomplete dislocation  
capal tunnel syndrome   painful condition caused by a compression of the Median Nerve at the wrist  
scoliosis   abnormal lateral curvature of the vertebral column  
kyphosis   humpback, hunchback (backward curvature)  
lordosis   excessive anterior curvature at the lumbar area  
arthritis   inflammation of a joint  
osteoarthritis   inflammation of bone and joint  
arthrography   radiographic examination/ X-ray picture of a joint  
discography   radiographic examination/ X-ray picture of the intervertebral disk  
myelography   radiographic examination/ X-ray picture of a spinal cord  
lumbosacral radiography   radiographic examination/ X-ray picture of the lumbosacral region of the vertebral column  
Computed Tomography (CT)   imaging at cross sections from different angles  
Magentic Resonance Imaging (MRI)   imaging using strong magnetic fields  
arthroscopy   visual examination of a joint using an arthroscope  
electromyography (EMG)   recording the electric waves as they travel through the muscle  
closed reduction   manual correction of fracture w/out an incision  
open reduction   surgical correction of a fracture  
casting   application of a cast to immobilize the bones for healing  
internal fixation   fixation of a fracture using nails or plates and screws  
arthrocentesis   sugical puncture of a joint to remove fluid  
arthrodesis   surgical fixation of a joint  
arthroclasia   surgical breaking of a joint  
osteoclasia   surgical breaking of a bone  
amputation   surgical removal of a limb or part of a limb  
bone grafting   transplanting a piece of bone tissue from another bone of the body or from another person to the fracture site  
laminectomy   surgical removal of a lamina (part of vertebrae) to relieve pressure on the nerve (sciatic pain)  
bursectomy   surgical removal of a bursa (sac filled w/ fluid present around joints)  
arthroplasty   surgical repair of a joint  
orthopedics   the study of conditions and disorders related to the skeleton  
orthopedist   a physician specialied in treating conditions related to the skeleton  
podiatry   the medical caren of the human foot  
podiatrist   specialized in the treatment of foot condition  
chiropractic   a system of therapy using manipulation and adjustment of body structure  
chiropractor   a doctor of chiropractic who treats conditions related to the vertebral column  


   


 
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Created by: Hip