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Comm Theory Uncertainty Reduction Theory (URT)

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attribution theory   a systematic explanation of how people draw inferences about the character of others based upon observed behavior  
anticipation of future interaction   we know we will see them again  
incentive value   they have something we want  
deviance   they act in a weird way  
new acquaintance boosts:   anticipation of future interaction; incentive value; deviance  
uncertainty reduction   increased knowledge of what kind of person another is, which provides an improved forecast of how a future interaction will turn out.  
axiom   a self-evident truth that requires no additional proof  
axiom theory: certainty about uncertainty   1) verbal communication; 2) nonverbal warmth; 3) information seeking; 4) self-disclosure; 5) reciprocity; 6) similarity; 7) liking; 8) shared networks  
theorem   a proposition that logically and necessarily follows from two axioms  
passive strategy   impression formation by observing a person interacting with others  
active strategy   impression formation by asking a third party about a person  
extractive strategy   impression formation by searching the internet for information about a person  
plan complexity   a characteristic of a message plan based on the level of detail it provides and the number of contingencies it covers  
hedging   use of strategic ambiguity and humor to provide a way for both parties to save face when a message fails to achieve its goal  
hierarchy hypothesis   the prediction that when people are thwarted in their attempts to achieve goals, their first tendency is to alter lower-level elements of their message  
relational uncertainty   doubts about our own thoughts, the thoughts of the other person, or the future of the relationship  
partner interference   occurs when a relational partner hinders goals, plans, and activities  
relational turbulence   negative emotions arising from perceived problems in a close relationship  
predicted outcome value   a forecast of future benefits and costs of interaction based on limited experience with the other  


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