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Civics and Economics chapter 6 definitions

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Term
Definition
Bicameral   a legislature consisting of two parts, or houses  
Census   a population count taken by the Census Bureau  
Constituent   a person from a legislator's district  
Gerrymander   an oddly shaped election district designed to increase the voting strength of a particular group  
Majority Party   in both the House of Representatives and the Senate, the political party to which more than half the members belong  
Minority Party   in both the House of Representatives and the Senate, the political party to which fewer than half the members belong  
Standing Committee   permanent committee that continues work from session to session in its Congress  
Seniority   years of service, which is used as a consideration for assigning committee members  
Expressed Powers   powers that congress has that are specifically listed in the Constitution  
Implied Powers   powers that Congress has that are not stated explicitly in the Constitution  
Elastic Clause   clause in Article I, Section 8 of the Constitution that gives Congress the right to make all laws "necessary and proper" to carry out its expressed powers  
Impeach   to accuse government officials of misconduct in office  
Writ of Habeas Corpus   a court order that requires police to bring a prisoner to court to explain why they are holding the person  
Bill of Attainder   a law that punishes a person accused of a crime without a trial or a fair hearing in court  
Ex Post Facto Law   a law that would allow a person to be punished for an action that was not against the law when it was committed  
Franking Privilege   the right of senators and representatives to send job-related mail without paying postage  
Lobbyist   representative of an interest group who contacts lawmakers or other government officials directly to influence their policy making  
Casework   the work that a lawmaker does to help constituents with a problem  
Pork-Barrel Project   government project grant that primarily benefits the home district or state  
Joint Resolution   a resolution that is passed by both houses of Congress  
Special-Interest Group   an organization of people with some common interest who try to influence government decisions  
Filibuster   a tactic for defeating a bill in the Senate by talking until the bill's sponsor withdraws it  
Cloture   a procedure used in the senate to limit debate on a bill  
Voice Vote   a voting method in which those in favor say 'Yea' and those against say 'no'  
Standing Vote   in Congress, when members stand to be counted for a vote on a bill  
Roll-Call Vote   a voting method in the senate in which members voice their votes in turn  
Veto   refusal to sign a bill or resolution  
Pocket Veto   president's power to kill a bill, if Congress is not in session, by not signing it for 10 days  


   






 
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