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HIT 104 Med Terminology

Quiz yourself by thinking what should be in each of the black spaces below before clicking on it to display the answer.

is a collection of pus and protein that is present in the site of infection   abscess  
is a defect of melanin production that results in little or no color (pigment) in the skin, hair, and eyes.   albinism  
is an endocrine disorder   acromegaly  
absence of hair from areas where it normally grows   alopecia  
brain disorder marked by gradual and progressive mental deterioration personality changes and impatient of daily functioning   alzheimer's disease  
is the absence of menstruation   amenorrhea  
is a treatment with certain medicines that puts you into a deep sleep so you do not feel pain during surgery. When you receive these medicines, you will not be aware of what is happening around you.1   anesthesia  
is a bulge or "ballooning" in the wall of an artery. Arteries are blood vessels that carry oxygen-rich blood from the   aneurysm  
red blood cells are of unequal size   anisocytosis  
is a stiffness of a joint due to abnormal adhesion and rigidity of the bones of the joint, which may be the result of injury or disease.   ankylosis  
failure of the kidneys to produce urine.   anuria  
not breathing   apnea  
no action   ataxia  
part of the lung is infected   atelectasis  
is a condition in which an orifice or passage in the body is abnormally closed or absent.   atresia  
inflammation of the glans penis   balanitis  
surgical repair of the eyelid   blepharoplasty  
is a clouding of the lens in your eye.   cataract  
burn ache   causalgia  
cavities of the body   cervical, thoracic, lumbar and sacral  
incision of the gall bladder   cholelithotomy  
The basic acne lesion   comedo  
Subcutaneous air; Tissue emphysema   crepitus  
is breathing difficulty and a "barking" cough.   croup  
abnormal condition of the skin coloring blue   cyanosis  
hernia in the cystic bladder   cystocele  
the secretion of sweat   diaphoresis  
is the part of the cardiac cycle when the heart refills with blood following systole   diastole  
increased or excessive production of urine.   diuresis  
infection of the intestines resulting in severe diarrhea with the presence of blood and mucus in the feces.   desentery  
difficulty swallowing   dysphagia  
a blood clot   embolus  
the action or process of vomiting.   emesis  
involuntary urination, especially by children at night.   enuresis  
“squint,” in which one or both eyes turns inward.   esotropia  
study of causes or diseases   etiology  
a muscular twitching involving individual muscle fibers acting without coordination   fibrillation  
a benign tumor of muscular and fibrous tissues   fibroid  
split or crack in the bone   fissure  
a rapid vibration or pulsation   flutter  
ocalized death and decomposition of body tissue, resulting from either obstructed circulation or bacterial infection.   gangrene  
a condition of increased pressure within the eyeball, causing gradual loss of sight.   glaucoma  
a swelling of the neck resulting from enlargement of the thyroid gland.   goiter  
a pregnant woman   gravida  
paralysis of one side of the body.   hemiplegia  
water in the hernia   hydrocele  
excessive physical sensitivity, especially of the skin.   hyperesthesia  
high blood sugar   hyperglycemia  
farsightedness   hyperopia  
the enlargement of an organ or tissue caused by an increase in the reproduction rate of its cells, often as an initial stage in the development of cancer.   hyperplasia  
excessive growth   hypertrophy  
a congenital condition in males in which the opening of the urethra is on the underside of the penis.   hypospadias  
a painful obstruction of the ileum or other part of the intestine.   ileus  
death of tissue   infarction  
is a serious disorder in which part of the intestine slides into an adjacent part of the intestine.   intusssception  
an inadequate blood supply to an organ or part of the body, especially the heart muscles.   ischemia  
an area of irregular fibrous tissue formed at the site of a scar or injury.   keloid  
excessive outward curvature of the spine, causing hunching of the back.   kyphosis  
excessive inward curvature of the spine.   lordosis  
A circumscribed change in the color of skin that is neither raised nor depressed.   macule  
hernia in meninges   meningocele  
bursting forth of menstrual blood   menorrhagia  
a chronic, typically progressive disease involving damage to the sheaths of nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord, whose symptoms may include numbness, impairment of speech and of muscular coordination, blurred vision, and severe fatigue.   multiple sclerosis  
an abnormal sound heard on listening to the heart   murmur  
The formation of bone marrow or of blood cells derived from bone marrow.   myelopoiesis  
a tumor composed of muscular tissue.   myoma  
nearsightedness   myopia  
excessive urinating at night   nocturia  
the inability to see in dim light or at night.   nyctalopia  
the blockage or closing of a blood vessel or hollow organ.   occlusion  
surgical removal of one or both ovaries   oophorectomy  
softening of the bones   osteomalacia  
pores in the bones   osteoporosis  
relieving pain or alleviating a problem without dealing with the underlying cause.   palliative  
a small, raised, solid pimple or swelling, often forming part of a rash on the skin and typically inflamed but not producing pus.   papule  
a condition of muscular weakness caused by nerve damage or disease   paresis  
a progressive disease of the nervous system marked by tremor, muscular rigidity, and slow, imprecise movement,   parkinson's disease  
inflammation of the tissues adjacent to the nail of a finger or toe usually accompanied by infection and pus formation—compare whitlow.   paronychia  
Open, unobstructed, affording free passage.   patent  
a small red or purple spot caused by bleeding into the skin.   petechiae  
inflammation of the nerve   phlebitis  
is a condition in which excess fluid builds around the lung.   pleural effusion  
a disease of the lungs due to inhalation of dust   pneumoconiosis  
presence in the blood of erythrocytes showing abnormal variation in shape.   poikilocytosis  
farsightedness caused by loss of elasticity of the lens of the eye, occurring typically in middle and old age.   presbyopia  
an early symptom indicating the onset of a disease or illness.   prodrome  
the likely course of a disease or ailment.   prognosis  
severe itching of the skin   pruritus  
a skin disease marked by red, itchy, scaly patches.   psoriasis  
an abnormal rattling sound heard when examining unhealthy lungs with a stethoscope.   rales  
a disease characterized by spasm of the arteries in the extremities   raynauds phenomenon  
are coarse rattling respiratory sounds somewhat like snoring, usually caused by secretions in bronchial airways   rhonchi  
a contagious viral disease, with symptoms like mild measles.   rubella  
excision of the fallopian tubes   salpingectomy  
abnormal lateral curvature of the spine.   scoliosis  
a partial loss of vision or a blind spot in an otherwise normal visual field.   scotoma  
an instrument for measuring blood pressure   sphygmomanometer  
a congenital defect of the spine in which part of the spinal cord and its meninges are exposed through a gap in the backbone.   spina bifida  
a painful condition of the spine resulting from the degeneration of the intervertebral disks.   spondylosis  
a medical instrument for listening to the action of someone's heart or breathing   stethoscope  
abnormal alignment of the eyes   strabismus  
a harsh vibrating noise when breathing   stridor  
blood pressure when the heart is contracting   systole  
a blood clot formed in within the vascular system of the body and impeding blood flow.   thrombus  
a fungus skin disease   tinea  
ringing or buzzing in the ears.   tinnitus  
urea in the blood   uremia  
a rash of round, red welts on the skin that itch intensely, sometimes with dangerous swelling, caused by an allergic reaction, typically to specific foods.   urticaria  
chicken pox   varicella  
a mass of varicose veins in the spermatic cord.   varicocele  
sensation of spinning   vertigo  
a small fluid-filled bladder, sac, cyst, or vacuole within the body.   vesicle  
a condition in which the pigment is lost from areas of the skin, causing whitish patches, often with no clear cause.   vitiligo  
an obstruction caused by twisting of the stomach or intestine.   volvulus  


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