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Terms for Chapter 7

Quiz yourself by thinking what should be in each of the black spaces below before clicking on it to display the answer.

anomaly based monitoring   a monitoring technique used by an intrusion detection system that creates a baseline of normal activies and compares actions against the baseline. Whenever there is a significant deviation from this baseline an alarm is raised  
application aware firewall   a firewall that can identify the applications that send packets through the firewall and then make decisions about the applications  
application aware IDS   a specialized intrusion detection system that is capable of using contextual knowledge in real time  
application aware IPS   an intrusion prevention system that knows information such as the applications that are running as well as the underlying operating systems  
application aware proxy   a special proxy server that knows the application protocols that it supports  
behavior based monitoring   a monitoring technique used by an IDS that uses the normal processes and actions as the standard and compares actions against it  
content inspection   searching incoming web content to match keywords  
defense in depth   a defense that uses multiple types of security devies to protect a networks  
demilitarized zone   a seperate network that rests outside the secure network perimeter, untrusted outside users can acess the DMZ but cannot enter the secure network  
firewall rules   a set of individual instructions to control the actions of a firewall  
heuristic monitoring   a monitoring technique used by an intrusion detection system that uses an algorithm to determine if a threat exists  
host based intrusion detection system   a software based application that runs on a local host computer that can detect an attack as it occurrs  
intrusion detection system   a device that detects an attack as it occurs  
layered security   a defense that uses multiple types of security devices to protect a network  
load balancer   a dedicated network device that can direct requests to different servers based on a variety of factors  
malware inspection   searching for malware in incoming web content  
network access control   a technique that examines the current state of a system or network device before it is allowed to connect to the network  
network address translation   a technique that allows private IP addresses to be used on the public internet  
network intrustion detection system   a technology that watches for attacks on the network and reports back to a central device  
network intrusion prevention system   a technology that monitors network traffic to immediately react to block a malicious attack  
protocol analyzer   hardware or software that captures packets to decode and analyze their contents  
proxy server   a computer or an application program that intercepts user requests from the internal secure network and then processes those requests on behalf of the users  
remote access   any combination of hardware and software that enables remote users to access a local internal network  
reverse proxy   a computer or an application program that routes incoming requests to the correct server  
router   a device that can forward packets across computer networks  
signature based monitoring   a monitoring technique used by an intrusion detection system that examines network traffic to look for well known patterns and compares the activities against a predefined signature  
subnetting   a technique that uses IP addresses to divide a network into network, subnet and host  
unified threat management   network hardware that provides multiple security functions  
URL filtering   restricting access to unapproved websites  
virtual LAN   a technology that allows scattered users to be logically grouped together even though they may be attached to different switches  
virtual private network   a technology that enables use of an unsecured public network as if it were a secure private network  
VPN concentrator   a device that aggregates VPN connections  
web application firewall   a special type of application aware firewall that looks at the applications using HTTP  
web security gateway   a device that can block malicious content in real time as it appears  


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Created by: O'Bryan