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Arteries & Veins

Quiz yourself by thinking what should be in each of the black spaces below before clicking on it to display the answer.
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Question
Answer
A.L.: SCM articulation to superior border of thyroid cartilage   right common carotid  
A.L.: level of the 2nd costal cartilage   left common carotid  
A.L.: lateral border of 1st rib to inferior border of teres major   axillary  
A.L.: inferior border of teres major to just inferior to antecubital fossa   brachial  
A.L.: just inferior to antecubital fossa to palm of the hand   radial & ulnar  
A.L.: lateral border of 1st rib   right subclavian  
A.L.: 2nd costal cartilage to lateral border of 1st rib   left subclavian  
A.L.: opposite sachroiliac synchondrosis to center of & beneath inguinal ligament   external iliac  
A.L.: center of & beneath inguinal ligament to opening of adductor magnus muscle   femoral  
A.L.: opening in adductor magnus muscle to inferior border of popliteus muscle   popliteal  
A.L.: inferior border of popliteus muscle to front of ankle joint   anterior tibial  
A.L.: inferior border of popliteus to behind origin of abductor hallucis muscle   posterior tibial  
A.G.:medial border of SCM, lateral border of trachea   common carotid  
A.G.: just behind medial border of the coracobrachialis muscle   axillary  
A.G.: medial border of biceps brachii muscle   brachial  
A.G.: lateral to tendon of the flexor carpi radialis muscle   radial  
A.G.: lateral to flexor carpi ulnaris muscle between flexor digitorum   ulnar  
A.G.: inferior medial border of psoas major   external iliac  
A.G.: center of femoral triangle/Scarpa's triangle   femoral  
A.G.: back of knee behind patella   popliteal  
A.G.: anterior & lateral edge of the tibia   anterior tibial  
A.G.: groove/space behind & below inner maleolus   posterior tibial  
A.G.: groove between tendons of extensor hallucis longus & extensor digitorum longus on dorsal side of foot   dorsalis pedis  
L.G.: line from SCM articulation to the anterior surface of ear lobe   common carotid  
accompanying vein for common carotid   internal jugular  
vein lateral & superficial to common carotid   internal jugular  
Site of incision: along posterior 1/3rd of inferior margin of mandible just anterior to angle of the mandible   facial artery  
the continuation of the subclavian   axillary artery  
L.G.: line drawn through center of base of axillary space & parallel to the long axis of the upper extremity when abducted (through center of armpit)   axillary artery  
accompanying vein for axillary artery   axillary vein  
L.G.: line drawn from center of base of axillary space to center of forearm just inferior to antecubital fossa (medial border of biceps brachii muscle)   brachial artery  
accompanying vein for brachial artery (just lateral & superficial to brachial artery)   basilic vein  
lateral branch of the bifurcation of the brachial artery   radial artery  
L.G.: line drawn on anterior surface of antecubital fossa to the center of the base of the index finger   radial artery  
medial branch of bifurcation of brachial artery   ulnar artery  
L.G.: line drawn on the anterior surface of the forearm from the center of the antecubital fossa to a point between the 4th & 5th fingers   ulnar artery  
bifurcation of the abdominal aorta   common iliac artery  
superior branch of the bifurcation of the common iliac   external iliac  
L.G.: line drawn from anterior superior iliac spine (asis) to center of pubic symphasis   external iliac  
inferior branch of common iliac   internal iliac artery  
continuation of the external iliac   femoral artery  
L.G.: line drawn on anterior surface of thigh from center of inguinal ligament to the center point of medial condyle of femur   femoral artery  
continuation of the femoral artery   popliteal artery  
L.G.: line drawn through center of popliteal space parallel to long axis of lower extremity   popliteal artery  
anterior branch of bifurcation of popliteal artery   anterior tibial artery  
L.G.: line drawn from lateral border of patella to anterior surface of ankle joint   anterior tibial artery  
posterior branch of bifurcation of popliteal artery   posterior tibial artery  
L.G.: line drawn from center of popliteal space to a point midway between medial malleolus & calcaneus bone or tendon   posterior tibial artery  
continuation of anterior tibial artery   dorsalis pedis  
L.G.: line drawn from center of anterior surface of ankle joint to a point between great toe & second toe   dorsalis pedis  
The abdominal aorta bifurcates into the ____ at the terminal end   common iliac  
Arteries used to embalm the arms in an autopsied case   subclavians  
central part of the vascular system   heart  
large blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart   arteries  
small vessels that carry blood away from the heart   arterioles  
minute blood vessels, the walls of which comprise a single layer of endothelial cells   capillaries  
blood vessels that connect the smallest arteries (arterioles) with the smallest veins (venules) and are where pressure filtration occurs   capillaries  
large vessels that carry blood to the heart   veins  
small vessels that carry blood to the heart   venules  
outer surface/layer of the heart   epicardium  
middle layer of the heart   myocardium  
innermost layer of the heart   endocardium  
outermost layer of blood vessel wall   tunica adventitia  
middle layer of blood vessel wall   tunica media  
inner layer of blood vessel wall   tunica intima  
network of small blood vessels that supply the walls of large blood vessels   vasa vasorum  
heart muscle layer that is thinnest in the atrium   myocardium  
heart muscle layer that is thickest in the ventricles, especially the left ventricle   myocardium  
sheet of muscle that separates the left and right halves of the heart   cardiac septum  
superior border of Scarpa's triangle   inguinal ligament (Poupart's ligament)  
lateral border of Scarpa's triangle   sartorius  
medial border of Scarpa's triangle   adductor longus  
four structures found in Scarpa's triangle   femoral Nerve, femoral Artery, femoral Vein, Emptying of the great sphenous vein  
hollow opening inside a blood vessel   lumen  
thoracic aorta branches (superior to inferior)   esophageal > bronchial > mediastinal > pericardial > ant. & pos. intercostals > subcostals > superior phrenic  
abdominal aorta branches (superior to inferior)   int. phrenic > celiac axis (common hepatic, left gastric, splenic) > sup. mesenteric > suprarenal > renal > lumbar > int. spermatic/ovarian > inf. mesenteric > middle sacral  
branch of external carotid (supply the areas of the face but not the ears)   external maxillary arteries (a.k.a. facial artery)  
arteries that are clamped or ligated when embalming a head post   Internal carotids  
medial section of the inferior thigh, middle 1/3rd   Hunter's canal  
superior border of Hunter's canal   sartorius  
medial border of Hunter's canal   adductor longus  
inferior border of Hunter's canal   adductor magnus  
lateral border of Hunter's canal   vatus medialis  
advantageous factors of arteries   1. accessibility 2. proximity to arch of aorta 3. diameter 4. effect on posing the body 5. location re: exposed areas of the body 6. veins/drainage  
anastomosis   blood vessel running colaterally (side-by-side) to another vessel  
factors governing selection of arteries on any given body   1. age & gender 2. weight 3. disfigurations 4. disease 5. local obstruction/congestion 6. mutilation 7. medical/legal requirements 8. cause of death  


   


 
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Created by: leahmurphy