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Body system

Quiz yourself by thinking what should be in each of the black spaces below before clicking on it to display the answer.
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Term
Definition
aneurysm   local widening of an artery  
atherosclerosis   formation of fatty deposits  
Acute coronary syndromes (ACS)   are a group of disease changes in the coronary arteries that lead to plaque or clot formation and heart attack  
catheter ablation   destroy abnormal tissue that is causing arrhythmias.  
cardiac catheterization   flexible catheter via a vein or artery into the heart to detect blood flow and pressure.  
MUGA scan   images the motion of heart wall muscles using radioactive chemicals.  
CHF, congestive heart failure.   a condition in which the heart fails to pump adequate amounts of blood to the tissues  
CAD, coronary artery disease   Atherosclerosis of the coronary arteries, which can cause angina pectoris or heart attack  
thrombolytic   process reducing blood clot  
lipid test   to measure cholesterol and triglycerides in his bloodstream  
LDL   low-density lipoprotein  
HDL   high-density lipoprotein  
endarterectomy,   the fatty deposits are surgically removed  
thallium stress testing   assesses blood flow to the myocardium during exercise after injection of the radioisotope thallium 201.  
serum enzyme tests   Tests used to determine whether a cardiac infarction has occurred.  
positron emission tomography (PET)   A computerized radiographic technique that employs injected radioactive substances to examine the metabolic activity of various body  
occlusion   closure or blockage of a blood vessel: coronary occlusion.  
bout   period, spell of  
gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)   back flow of the contents of the gastrointestinal tract into the esophagus, often leading to burning pain in the esophagus  
esophagitis   esophageal ulcer.  
inflammatory bowel disease   Ulceration of the lining of the intestine characterized by bleeding and diarrhea  
Crohn disease   A chronic inflammatory bowel disease that usually affects the ileum, colon, or other parts of the gastrointestinal tract  
ulcerative colitis   Chronic inflammatory ulceration of the colon,  
motility   capable of moving  
irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)   Abnormally increased motility of the intestines including diarrhea and abdominal pain. IBS is commonly associated with emotional stress.  
delineate   outline  
polyp/o   benign growth that protrudes from the mucous membrane  
colonic polyposis   Polyps occurring in the colon  
anal fistula   abnormal tube-like passageway near the anus, which often results from an infection  
anal fissure   painful narrow slit in the mucous membrane of the anus.  
diverticulosis   An abnormal presence of diverticula, particularly through the muscular portion of the sigmoid colon  
cholelithiasis   The presence or development of gallstones, either in the common bile duct or in the gallbladder  
cholangi/o   bile vessel  
barium tests   barium mixture is introduced into the GI tract and then x-ray pictures are obtained  
diverticulum   saclike herniation of the mucosal layer through the muscular wall of the colon.  
endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)   contrast medium is injected via a catheter tube through the mouth, esophagus, stomach, duodenum, and then into the bile ducts  
sigmoidoscopy   Visual inspection of the sigmoid colon by means of a sigmoidoscope  
anastomosis   1. A connection between two vessels. 2. An opening created by surgical, pathological, or traumatic means between two normally distinct structures.  
surg-   hand  


   






 
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