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sterile product terminology

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Additive   Any drug or component added to an IV solution  
Admixture   An IV solution with at least one medication added to it  
Aerosolization   The spraying of small liquid or powder particles in the air; usually occurs when withdrawing needle from a vial when removing air from a syringe  
Ampule   A sealed glass container containing sterile injectable medication  
Bacteriocidal   An agent capable of killing bacteria  
Bacteriostatic   An agent capable of inhibiting the growth of bacteria  
Bolus   An initial dose of medication or solution; usually a dose higher than the maintenance dose; also called loading dose  
Central line   An IV access site into one of the major blood vessels; this is the IV line through which hypertonic fluids may be given  
Compatibility   The ability of two or more components to be mixed together without physical or chemical degradation of any component  
Contamination   The presence of a harmful or unwanted substance  
Continuous infusion   An infusion given at a continuous rate over a long period of time  
Coring   The break off of a part of the rubber stopper of a vial or container due to an improper needle stick; the cored part of the robber stopper is usually pushed into the vial or container  
Critical site   Any opening or pathway that is at risk for contact with air or touch contamination  
Diluent   The liquid used to reconsitute a powder drug or the liquid added to reduce the concentration of another liquid  
Extravastation   A caustic or hazardous IV solution that has been inadvertently infused into the tissue surrounding the injection site  
Infilteration   An IV solution that is inadvertently infused into the tissue surrounding the injection site  
Infusion   The slow administration of medication or solution vial a parenteral route of administration  
Intermittent infusion   An infusion given over specific and shorter periods of time  
Intervenous piggyback   Delivery of a secondary IV solution into an existing IV line  
Loading dose   An initial dose of a drug that is used to achieve a desired drug level  
Mutiple dose vial   A vial that is intended for multiple needle punctures and withdrawls; usually contains preservatives to maintain sterility  
Parenteral   Adminstration of a drug via route of administration that bypasses the gastrointestinal tract  
Particulate   foreign objects or matter  
Pathogen   Disease-causing organisims such as bacteria, fungus, and viruses  
Peripheral line   An IV access site made through veins located in the arms, legs, hands, or feet  
Preservative   Any additive intended to extend the content, stability, or sterility of a medication or solution.  
Pyrogen   Fever-producign organism  
Reconstitution   Adding a diluent to powder to create a liquid  
Single-dose vial   A vial that contains no preservatives and is intended to be used only one time not designed to maintain sterility after multiple puncture  
Sterile compounding   The aseptic mixing of ingredients to prepare sterile medications (usually injectalbe) for patient use  
Vial   A small glass or plastic container that holds injectable medications and solutions  


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Created by: maksuda.mannan