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PVAMU: Growth and Development: Preschooler (Exam 1)

Quiz yourself by thinking what should be in each of the black spaces below before clicking on it to display the answer.
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Question
Answer
Preiod between ____ years of age   3 to 6 years  
Grows ___ inches per year   2.5 to 3 inches  
Gains ___ pounds per year   5 lbs  
Average weight of a 3 year old is _(1)_ increasing to _(2)_ pounds by 5 years old   (1) 32 lbs (2)41 lbs  
Around ____ years old permanet teeth begin to emerge   6 years old  
Preschooler should have ___ deciduous teeth   20  
Stool passage usually occurs____times a day   once or twice  
Bladder control is present by ____.   4 to 5 years old  
Initiative Vs Guild   Feeling pride in one's accomplishment helps the child to use initiative. However, when the child extends himself or herself further than current capabilities allow, he or she may feel a sense of guilt.  
Gross Motor Skills: 4 Years   Throws ball overhand~Kicks ball forward Catches bounced ball~Hops on one foot~Stands on one foot up to 5 seconds ~Alternates feet going up and down steps~Moves backward and forward with agility  
Gross Motor Skills: 5 Years   Stands on one foot 10 seconds or longer~Swings and climbs well~May skip Somersaults~May learn to skate and swim  
Fine Motor Skills: 4 Years   Uses scissors successfully~Copies capital letters~Draws circles and squares~Traces a cross or diamond~Draws a person with two to four body parts~Laces shoes  
Fine Motor Skills: 5 Years   Prints some letters~Draws person with body and at least six parts~Dresses/undresses without assistance~Can learn to tie laces Uses fork, spoon, and knife (supervised) well~Copies triangle and other geometric patterns~Mostly cares for own toileting needs  
Speech may sound ____.   Choppy (telegraphic speech)  
Suttering usually has its onset around ____ years old   2-4 years old  
Children thirve on ____ communication with parents.   one-to-one  
Preschoolers paly ____ with one another   cooperatively  
Concerns: 4 Years   Cannot jump in place or ride a tricycle~Cannot stack four blocks~Cannot throw ball overhand~Does not grasp crayon with thumb and fingers~Difficulty with scribbling~Cannot copy a circle~Does not use sentences with three or more words (pg 148)  
Concerns: 5 Years   Unhappy or sad often~Little interest in playing with other children~Unable to separate from parent without major protest~Is extremely aggressive~Is extremely fearful or timid, or unusually passive~Cannot build tower of six to eight blocks (pg 148)  
Asking ______ stimulates the development of thinking as well as language in the preschool child   open-ended  
Preschooler's storng engagement in fantasy makes it difficult to understand _____ relationships   cause and effect  
The preschooler weight _(1)_ pounds should ride in a _(2)__.   (1) 40 to 80 lbs (2) booster seat  
When can a child ride in the seat of a car?   When child is large enough to sit up straight with knees bent at the front edge of the seat.  
Major injuries are caused by _____.   Car accidents  
Exposure to tobacco smoke is associated with increased risk for _____.   Ottis media and respiratory infections  
The 3-5 year old requires _(1)_ calcium and _(2)__ iron daily   (1) 500-800 mg (2) 10 mg  
Calcium Rich Foods:   whole milk, yogurt, cheddar cheese, dried white beans, tofu, medium orange, mashed sweet potatoes, & broccoli.  
Iron Rich Foods:   Fortified prepared cereal, beef, cooked lentils, chicken breast, spinach, tofu, & enriched bread.  
After a nightmare the child is ____.   aroused and interactive  
Night Terrors   A short time after falling asleep, the child seems to awaken and is screaming. Child usually doesn't respond much to the paretn's soothing...eventually stops screaming and goes back to sleep.  
Child starts to understand other people's _(1)_ and are cognitively able to remeber basic _(2)__.   (1) feelings [empathy] (2) rules  
Lying occurs because ____.   The child fears punishment and has gotten carried away with imagination.  


   






 
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