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Female Reproductive System - Q – Obstetric Diagnostic Terms & A – Meaning

Quiz yourself by thinking what should be in each of the black spaces below before clicking on it to display the answer.

abortion (AB)   expulsion of the products of conception before the fetus is viable (able to live outside the uterus)  
spontaneous abortion (SAB)   miscarriage; naturally occurring expulsion of the products of conception  
habitual abortion   spontaneous abortion occurring in three or more consecutive pregnancies  
incomplete abortion   incomplete expulsion of the products of conception  
missed abortion   death of a fetus or embryo within the uterus that is not naturally expelled after death  
threatened abortion   bleeding with the threat of miscarriage  
cephalopelvic disproportion (CPD)   condition preventing normal delivery through the birth canal; either the baby's head is too large or the birth canal is too small  
eclampsia   true toxemia of pregnancy characterized by high blood pressure, albuminuria, edema of the legs and feet, severe headaches, dizziness, convulsions, and coma  
preeclampsia   toxemia of pregnancy characterized by high blood pressure, albuminuria, edema of the legs and feet, and puffiness of the face, without convulsion or coma  
ectopic pregnancy   implantation of the fertilized egg outside the uterine cavity, often in the tube or ovary, or, rarely, in the abdominal cavity  
erythroblastosis fetalis   disorder that results from the incompatibility of a fetus with an Rh-positive blood factor and a mother with an Rh-negative blood factor, causing red blood cell destruction in the fetus; this condition necessitates a blood transfusion to save the fetus  
Rh factor   presence, or lack, of antigens on the surface of red blood cells that may cause a reaction between the blood of the mother and the fetus, resulting in fetal anemia, which causes erythroblastosis fetalis  
Rh positiver-āch poz′i-tiv   presence of antigens  
Rh negative   absence of antigens  
hyperemesis gravidarum   severe nausea and vomiting in pregnancy that can cause severe dehydration in the mother and fetus (emesis = vomit)  
meconium aspiration   fetal aspiration of amniotic fluid containing meconium  
placenta previa   displaced attachment of the placenta in the lower region of the uterine cavity  
abruptio placentae   premature detachment of a normally situated placenta  


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