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Female Reproductive System - Q – Obstetric Diagnostic Terms & A – Meaning

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Answer
abortion (AB)   expulsion of the products of conception before the fetus is viable (able to live outside the uterus)  
   
   
spontaneous abortion (SAB)   miscarriage; naturally occurring expulsion of the products of conception  
   
   
   
habitual abortion   spontaneous abortion occurring in three or more consecutive pregnancies  
   
   
incomplete abortion   incomplete expulsion of the products of conception  
   
   
missed abortion   death of a fetus or embryo within the uterus that is not naturally expelled after death  
   
   
threatened abortion   bleeding with the threat of miscarriage  
   
   
   
cephalopelvic disproportion (CPD)   condition preventing normal delivery through the birth canal; either the baby's head is too large or the birth canal is too small  
   
   
eclampsia   true toxemia of pregnancy characterized by high blood pressure, albuminuria, edema of the legs and feet, severe headaches, dizziness, convulsions, and coma  
   
preeclampsia   toxemia of pregnancy characterized by high blood pressure, albuminuria, edema of the legs and feet, and puffiness of the face, without convulsion or coma  
   
   
   
   
   
ectopic pregnancy   implantation of the fertilized egg outside the uterine cavity, often in the tube or ovary, or, rarely, in the abdominal cavity  
   
erythroblastosis fetalis   disorder that results from the incompatibility of a fetus with an Rh-positive blood factor and a mother with an Rh-negative blood factor, causing red blood cell destruction in the fetus; this condition necessitates a blood transfusion to save the fetus  
   
Rh factor   presence, or lack, of antigens on the surface of red blood cells that may cause a reaction between the blood of the mother and the fetus, resulting in fetal anemia, which causes erythroblastosis fetalis  
   
   
Rh positiver-āch poz′i-tiv   presence of antigens  
Rh negative   absence of antigens  
   
hyperemesis gravidarum   severe nausea and vomiting in pregnancy that can cause severe dehydration in the mother and fetus (emesis = vomit)  
   
   
   
meconium aspiration   fetal aspiration of amniotic fluid containing meconium  
   
   
   
placenta previa   displaced attachment of the placenta in the lower region of the uterine cavity  
   
   
abruptio placentae   premature detachment of a normally situated placenta  


   






 
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