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Chapter 3 Vocabulary

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Term
Definition
climate   usual predictable pattern of weather over a long period of time  
current   moving streams of water in the worlds oceans; affects climate  
drought   long periods of extreme dryness and water shortage  
high-latitude climate   cold climate lies from 60 degrees north to the North Pole and from 60 degrees south to the South Pole  
highland climate   cool or cold climate that varies with elevation  
tropical climate   warm year round extends from the equator to the tropic of Cancer  
mid-latitude   temperature climate extend from 231/2degrees north to 60 degrees north and from 231/2degrees south to 60degrees south  
prevailing wind   movements of air that travel around the earth in typical pattern  
El Nino   caused by the combination of temperature wind and water  
La Nina   Eastern winds become strong and opposite of El Nino occurs-Pacific Ocean gets cooler  
dry climate   dry to partially dry areas with little or no rain  
typhoon   name for hurricane in Asia  
tornado   funnel-shaped windstorm; sometimes forms during thunderstorms  
tropics   low latitude region between the tropic and cancer and the tropic of Capricorn  
monsoon   seasonal wind that blows over a continent for a long period of time  
weather   unpredictable changes in the air that take place in a short period of time  


   






 
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