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Vocabulary

Quiz yourself by thinking what should be in each of the black spaces below before clicking on it to display the answer.
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Term
Definition
Agricultural Revolution   The change from nomadic hunting and gathering to farming that took place about 8000 B.C  
Civilization   An advanced culture  
Monotheism   The belief in one god  
Protectorate   An area that has its own government but is controlled by an outside power  
Chaparral   A type of natural vegetation that is adapted to Mediterranean climates; small evergreen trees and low bushes, or scrub  
Poaching   Illegal hunting  
Mosque   An Islamic place of religious worship  
Muezzin   In Islam, a crier who calls the faithful to prayer five times each day from a minaret  
Minaret   A tall, slender tower attached to a mosque  
Desalination Plant   The process of removing salt from seawater so that it can be used for drinking and irrigation  
Nomad   A person who travles from place to place  
Trade Deficit   The situation in which a country imports more than it exports  
Trade Surplus   The situation exports more than it imports  
Autonomy   Indpendence  
Genocide   The ststematic killing or intentional destruction of a people  
Nationalism   Pride in one's nation; the desire of a cultural group to rule themselves as a separate nation  
Chernozem   A rich topsoil found in the Russian steppes and other mid-latitude grasslands  
Yurt   A round tent made of a wooden framework and covered with felt or skins  
Fundamentalism   A set of religious beliefs based on a strict interpretation of a sacred text  
Deserification   The transformation of arable land into desert either naturally or through human intervention  
Mandate   A commision from the League of Nations authorizing a nation to govern a territory  
Zionist   A member of a movement known as Zionism, founded to promote the establishment of an independent Jewish state  
Self-determination   The right of a people to decide their own political future  
Drip Irrigation   A process by which precisely controlled amounts of water drip directly onto plants from pipes thus preserving precious water resources in dry areas  
Potash   A mineral used in explosives and fertilizer  
Fertile Crescent   A region in the Middle East where farming and the first civilizations developed  
Militia   A citizen army  
Anarchy   Political disorder and violence; lawlessness  
Embargo   A servere restriction of trade with other countries  
Infrastructure   The basic support facilities of a community or country, such as roads and bridges, power plants, and schools  
Falaj System   In the Arabian Peninsula, an ancient system of underground and surface canals  
Secular   Worldly, not relating to religion  
Shah   The title of the former ruler of Iran  
Ayatollah   A religious leader among Shiite Muslims  


   


 
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Created by: jasmin5