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“Taxation Without Representation”, Boston Massacre, Stamp Act, Townshend Acts, Tea Act, Boston Tea Party
“Taxation Without Representation”
Colonists did not feel they should pay taxes to the British crown without representation in the British Parliament. The British government was not protecting the interest of the colonists.
British soldiers fire into an unarmed crowd of colonist killing 5. Further aggravated tensions between the colonists and the British.
first tax (on all paper products) imposed on Americans by the British.
Placed duties on glass, lead, paints, paper and tea. Tax collectors could search for smuggled goods. Laws took power away from the colonial governments. Colonists began to boycott British goods.
Allowed the British East India Company to sell tea directly to the colonists making British tea cheaper than colonial tea.
Boston Tea Party
Colonial protest against the Tea Act in which a group of colonists boarded British Tea ships and dumped the tea into Boston Harbor.
“Taxation without representation is tyranny” – the American colonists did not feel they should be taxed by the British crown without having a voice in the British Parliament.
Intolerable Acts- (Coercive Acts)
Parliament punished the colonies for the Boston Tea Party by closing Boston Harbor. Tightened government control over the colonies.
1st Continental Congress-
Meeting of the colonial delegates in Philadelphia to decide how to respond to British abuses. Called for militias in the13 colonies for defense
2nd Continental Congress-
1st attempt at a republican government in the colonies. Created the Continental Army- led by George Washington while trying to make peace by issuing the Olive Branch petition to King George.
Battle of Saratoga
Turning point of the American Revolutionary War. Greatest victory for the American forces-led to Spain and France sending foreign aid to support the Americans.
Battle of Yorktown
Last major battle of the American Revolution. British surrender.
American colonists who fought for independence from Great Britain during the American Revolution.
Colonists who sided with Britain during the American Revolution.
Sons of Liberty
Secret society formed by the colonists to fight back against British abuses- sometimes used violence to frighten tax collectors, helped stage the Boston Tea Party, organized boycotts.
Committees of Correspondence
created to help towns and colonies share information about resisting British laws.
Recruitment of slaves
British military promised any slave who helped them fight the Americans would be freed. Washington/Americans then began allowing free African Americans to serve in the Continental Army.
American officer who later betrayed the American cause by planning to surrender West Point to the British during the American Revolution.
author of “Common Sense”- pamphlet that inspired Americans to believe that it was common sense for Americans to want their independence from Britain. Called for an immediate declaration of independence from England.
Declaration of Independence
After Am.Rev. 7/4/1776, by T Jefferson. Est. principles of gov.“All men created equal,Consent of the governed, gvmt agrees to “protect life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness” Proc of freedom.
Where American soldiers spent the winter waiting for supplies to arrive- many died from malnutrition and illness.
Treaty of Paris of 1783
Peace agreement that officially ended the American Revolutionary War and established British recognition of the independence of the United States.