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Urinary Terminology

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Root
Meaning
a-,an-   no, not, without  
albumin/o   albumin(protein)  
angi/o   vessel (blood)  
anti-   against  
arteri/o   artery  
azot/o   urea, nitrogen  
bacteri/o   bacteria  
cali/o   calyx  
calic/o   calyx  
cyst/o   urinary bladder, cyst, sac of fluid  
dia-   complete, through  
dips/o   thirst  
dys-   bad, painful, difficult, abnormal  
ectasis   stretching, dilation, expansion  
emia   blood condition  
en-   in, within  
glomerul/o   glomerulus  
glyc/o   glucose, sugar  
glycos/o   glucose, sugar  
hydr/o   water  
isch/o   to hold back, back  
ket/o   ketones,acetones  
keton/o   ketones,acetones  
lith/o   stone, calculus  
lithiasis   condition of stones  
lysis   breakdown, seperation, destruction, loosening  
meat/o   meatus (opening)  
megaly   enlargement  
necr/o   death  
nephr/o   kidney  
noct/o   night  
ole   little, small  
olig/o   scanty  
peri-   surrounding  
plasty   surgical repair  
poietin   substance that forms  
poly-   many, much  
ptosis   droop, sag, prolapse, fall  
py/o   pus  
pyel/o   renal pelvis  
ren/o   kidney  
retro-   behind, back, backward  
rrhaphy   suture  
rrhea   flow, discharge  
sclerosis   hardening  
spasm   sudden contraction of muscles  
stenosis   tightening, stricture  
-stomy   opening (to form a mouth)  
tom/o   to cut  
-tomy   incision,process of cutting  
tox/o   poison  
trigon/o   trigone (area within the bladder)  
tripsy   to crush  
trophy   nourishment, development  
ule   little, small  
ur/o   urine, urinary tract  
ureter/o   ureter  
urethr/o   urethra  
uria   urination, condition of urine  
urin/o   urine  
vesic/o   urinary bladder  
-pathy   disease condition  
-lithotomy   incision to remove a stone  


   






 
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