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Cardiopulmonary(Krista Elzey)

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ECG cycle   the graphic representation of a heartbeat  
amplitude   refers to amount, extent, size, abundance, or fullness  
artifact   additional electrical activity picked up by the electrocardiograph that interferes with the normal appearance of the ECG cycles  
atherosclerosis   buildup of fibrous plaques of fatty deposits & cholesterol on the inner walls of the coronary arteries  
baseline   the flat horizontal line that separates the various waves of the ECG cycle  
cardiac cycle   one complete heartbeat  
dysrhythmia   an irregular heart rhythm; alter termed arrhythmia  
electrocardiogram   the graphic representation of the elctrical activity of the heart; known as ECG (or EKG)  
electrocardiograph   the instrument used to record the electrical activity of the heart  
electrode   a conductor of electricity, which is used to promote contact between the body and the electrocardiograph  
electrolyte   a chemical substance that promotes conduction of an electrical current  
interval   the length of a wave or the length of a wave with a segment  
ischemia   deficiency of blood in a body part  
normal sinus rhythm   refers to an ECG that is within normal limits  
segment   the portion of the ECG between two waves  
spirometer   an instrument for measuring air taken into & expelled from the lungs  
spirometry   measurement of an individual's breathing capactiy by means of a spirometer  
flow rate   the number of liters of oxygen per minute that come out of an oxygen delivery system  
hypoxemia   a decrease in oxygen saturation in the blood  
hypoxia   a reduction in the oxygen supply to the tissue of the body  
peak flow rate   the max volume of air that can be exhaled wen the patient blows into a peak flow meter af forcefully and rapid as possible  
oxygen therapy   the administration of supplemental oxygen at concentration greater than room air to treat or prevent hypoxemia  
wheezing   a continuous high-pitched whistling musical sound heard particularly during exhalation and sometimes during inhalation  


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Created by: kristaelzey