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KSPT Abbreviations

Quiz yourself by thinking what should be in each of the black spaces below before clicking on it to display the answer.
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Term
Definition
a   before  
A:   assessment  
AAA   Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm  
AAFO   Articulating Ankle Foot Orthosis  
AAROM   active assistive range of motion  
Abd, ABD   abduction  
ABG   arterial blood gases  
AC   alternating current  
ACA   Anterior Cerebral Artery  
AC   acromioclavicular  
ACL   anterior cruciate ligament  
AD   assistive device  
Add, ADD   adduction  
ADD   attention deficit disorder  
ADHD   attention deficit hyperactivity disorder  
ADL   activities of daily living  
ad lib   at discretion  
adm   admission, admitted  
AE   above elbow  
Afib   atrial fibrillation  
AFO   ankle foot orthosis  
AIDS   acquired immunodeficiency syndrome  
AIIS   anterior inferior iliac spine  
AK   above knee  
AKA   above knee amputation  
A-line   arterial line  
ALS   amyotrophic lateral sclerosis  
a.m.   morning  
AMA   against medical advice  
amb   ambulate, ambulatory, ambulation  
ANS   autonomic nervous system  
ant   anterior  
A & O   alert & oriented  
AP, A/P   anterior to posterior  
approx   approximate, approximately  
appt   appointment  
ARDS   adult respiratory distress syndrome  
ARF   acute renal failure  
AROM   active range of motion  
ASA   aspirin  
ASD   arterial septal defect  
ASIA   American Spinal Injury Association  
ASIS   anterior superior iliac spine  
assist   assistant, assistance, assistive  
ATC   Athletic Trainer Certified  
ATNR   asymmetrical tonic neck refles  
AV   atrioventricular  
AVM   arteriovenous malformation  
A-V   arteriovenous  
bilat   bilateral  
bal   balance  
B & B   bowel & bladder  
BBB   bundle branch block  
BE   below elbow  
b.i.d.   twice per day  
b.i.w.   twice per week  
BK   below knee  
BM   bowel movement  
BNL   below normal limits  
BOS   base of support  
BP   blood pressure  
bpm   beats per minute  
B/S   bedside  
BS   breath sounds  
BUN   blood urea nitrogen  
C   centigrade  
CA   cancer, carcinoma  
CABG   coronary artery bipass graft  
CAD   coronary artery disease  
cal   calories  
CAT   computerized axial tomography  
CBC   complete blood cell (count)  
c/c   chief complaint  
CF   cystic fibrosis  
CFS   chronic fatigue syndrome  
CGA   contact guard assistance  
CHI   closed head injury  
CICU   cardiac intensive care unit  
cm   centimeter  
CNA   Certified Nursing Assistant  
CNS   central nervous systom  
c/o   complained of, complains of  
CO   cardiac output  
cont   continue(d)  
COPD   chronic obstructive pulmonary disease  
COTA   Certified Occupational Therapist Assistant  
CP   cerebral palsy, chest pain  
CPAP   continuous positive airway pressure  
CPR   cardiopulmonary resuscitation  
CPT   chest physical therapy  
CRF   chronic renal failure  
C & S   culture & sensitivity  
CS   close supervision  
CSF   cerebrospinal fluid  
CSW   Certified Social Worker  
CT   computed tomography  
CV   cardiovascular  
CVA   cerebrovascular accident  
CXR   chest X-ray  
d   day  
D, Dep   dependent  
D/C   discharge, discontinue  
dept   department  
DDD   degenerative disc disease  
DF   dorsiflexion  
DIP   distal interphalangeal (joint)  
dist   distal  
DJD   degenerative joint disease  
DM   diabetes mellitus  
DME   durable medical equipment  
DNR   do not resuscitate  
DO   doctor of osteopathy  
DOB   date of birth  
DOE   dyspnea on exertion  
DTR   deep tendon reflex  
DVT   deep vein thrombosis  
Dx, dx   diagnosis  
ECF   extended care facility  
ECG, EKG   electrocardiogram  
ED   emergency department  
EEG   electroencephalogram  
EENT   ears, eyes, nose, throat  
EMG   electromyogram  
ENT   ear, nose, throat  
EOB   edge of bed  
equip   equipment  
ER   external rotation  
e-stim   electrical stimulation  
ETOH   ethyl alcohol  
eval   evaluation  
ex(s)   exercises  
exam   examination  
ext   external  
extn   extension  
F   fair (muscle grade)  
FBS   fasting blood sugar  
FES   functional electric stimulation  
FEV   forced expiratory volume  
FHP   forward head posture  
flex   flexion  
FMH   family medical history  
FRC   functional residual capacity  
freq   frequently, frequency  
ft.   feet, foot (measurement)  
F/U   follow up  
FVC   forced vital capacity  
FWB   full weight bearing  
fx   fracture  
funct   function, functional  
G   good (muscle grade)  
gm   gram  
GB   gallbladder  
GBS   Guillain-Barre syndrome  
GCS   Glasgow Coma Scale  
GERD   gastroesophageal reflux disease  
GI   gastrointestinal  
GSW   gunshot wound  
G-tube   gastrostomy tube  
GYN   gynecologist, gynecology  
hr   hour  
H & H   hematocrit and hemoglobin  
HA   headache  
Hb, Hgb   hemoglobin  
Hct   hematocrit  
HCVD   hypertensive cardiovascular disease  
HD   Huntington disease  
HEENT   head, eyes, ears, nose, throat  
HEP   home exercise program  
HF   heart failure  
HHA   home health aide  
HIV   human immunodeficiency virus  
HNP   herniated nucleus pulposus  
h/o   history of  
HOB   head of bead  
HOH   hard of hearing  
H & P   history and physical  
HR   heart rate  
ht   height  
HTN   hypertension  
Hx, hx   history  
IADL   instrumental activities of daily living  
I, Indep   independent  
ICU   intensive care unit  
IDDM   insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus  
IM   intramuscular  
IR   internal rotation  
I & O   intake and output  
IP   inpatient  
IQ   intelligence quotient  
IRDS   infant respiratory distress syndrome  
IS   incentive spirometry  
IV   intravenous  
jt   joint  
KAFO   knee ankle foot orthosis  
kcal   kilocalorie  
kg   kilogram  
KUB   kidney, ureter, bladder  
L   left  
L   liter  
LBBB   left bundle branch block  
LBP   lower back pain  
LBQC   large-based quad cane  
LE   lower extremity  
lig   ligament  
LLE   left lower extremity  
LLL   left lower lobe  
LLQ   left lower quadrant  
L/min   liters per minute  
LMN   lower motor neuron  
LOB   loss of balance  
LOC   loss or level of consciousness  
LOS   length of stay  
LPN   Licensed Practical Nurse  
LP   lumbar puncture  
LTC   long-term care  
LTG   long-term goal  
LTM   long-term memory  
LQ   lower quarter  
LUL   left upper lobe  
LUQ   left upper quadrant  
LVH   left ventricular hypertrophy  
MA   medical assistant  
MAP   mean arterial pressure  
MCA   middle cerebral artery  
MCP   metacarpophalangeal joint  
MD   medical doctor, muscular dystrophy  
med   medial  
meds   medications  
MI   myocardial infarction  
min   minimal  
MMT   manual muscle test  
mo.   month  
mod   moderate  
MRI   magnetic resonance imaging  
MRSA   methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus  
MS   multiple sclerosis  
MSW   Master of Social Work  
MVC   motor vehicle crash  
mvmt   movement  
N   normal (muscle grade)  
NBQC   narrow-based quad cane  
NCV   nerve conduction velocity  
NDT   neurodevelopmental treatment  
NG   nasogastric  
NH   nursing home  
NIDDM   non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus  
NKA   no known allergies  
NKDA   no known drug allergies  
noc   night, at night  
NPO   nothing by mouth  
NSAID   non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug  
NSR   normal sinus rhythm  
N/T   not tested  
NWB   non-weight bearing  
O:   objective  
OA   osteoarthritis  
OB   obstetrics  
OBS   organic brain syndrome  
OCD   obsessive-compulsive disorder  
od   once daily  
OOB   out of bed  
OP   outpatient  
ORIF   open reduction internal fixation  
OTR   occupational therapist registered  
P   poor (muscle grade)  
P:   plan  
PA   physician's assistant  
PA, P/A   posterior to anterior  
PCA   posterior cerebral artery  
PCL   posterior cruciate ligament  
PCP   primary care physician  
PD   Parkinson disease  
PE   pulmonary embolism, physical exam  
peds   pediatrics  
PERRLA   pupils equal, round, reactive to light, & accomodation  
PET   positron emission tomography  
PF   plantar flexion  
PIP   proximal interphalangeal joint  
PMH   past medical history  
PNF   proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation  
PNS   peripheral nervous system  
p.o.   by mouth  
POC   plan of care  
POMR   problem-oriented medical record  
pos   positive  
post op   post-operative (after surgery)  
PRE   progressive resistive exercise  
pre op   pre-operative  
PRN   as often as necessary  
PROM   passive range of motion  
prox   proximal  
PSH   past surgical history  
PSIS   posterior superior iliac spine  
PT   prothrombin time  
PTT   partial thromboplastin time  
Pt., pt.   patient  
PTA   prior to admission  
PTSD   post-traumatic stress disorder  
PVD   peripheral vascular disease  
PWB   partial weight bearing  
q   every  
qt.   quart  
quads   quadriceps  
R   right  
RA   rheumatoid arthritis  
RBBB   right bundle branch block  
RBC   red blood cell (count)  
RD   registered dietician  
re:   concerning, regarding  
reps   repetitions  
resp   respiration, respiratory  
RLL   right lower lobe  
RLQ   right lower quadrant  
RML   right middle lobe  
R/O   rule out  
ROM   range of motion  
ROS   review of systems  
RR   respiratory rate  
RROM   resisted range of motion  
R/T   related to  
RT   respiratory therapist/therapy  
RW   rolling walker  
Rx   prescription, treatment, intervention  
S   supervision  
SAQ   short arc quad (exercise)  
SB   sliding board  
SBA   stand-by assistance  
SBQC   small-based quad cane  
SBT   sliding board transfer  
SCI   spinal cord injury  
SC   sternoclavicular  
SCM   sternocleidomastoid  
sec   second(s)  
SI(J)   sacroiliac (joint)  
sig   significant  
SLE   systemic lupus erythematosus  
SLP   speech-language pathologist  
SLR   straight leg raise  
SNF   skilled nursing facility  
S/O   standing order  
SOAP   subjective, objective, assessment, plan  
SOB   shortness of breath  
SOS   step-over-step (stair climbing)  
s/p   status post  
spec   specimen  
SPT   stand pivot transfer  
staph   Staphylococcus  
stat   immediately, at once  
STG   short-term goal  
STM   short-term memory  
STNR   symmetrical tonic neck reflex  
strep   Streptococcus  
STS   sit to stand, step-to-step (stair climbing)  
sup   superior  
surg   surgical, surgery  
Sx, sx   symptoms  
T   trace (muscle grade)  
tab   tablet  
TBA   to be assessed  
TBI   traumatic brain injury  
temp   temperature  
TENS   transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulator  
TFA   transfemoral amputation  
TTA   transtibial amputation  
THA   total hip arthroplasty  
ther ex   therapeutic exercise  
THI   traumatic head injury  
TIA   transient ischemic attack  
t.i.d.   three times per day  
t.i.w.   three times per week  
TKA   total knee arthroplasty  
TM(J)   temperomandibular (joint)  
TNR   tonic neck reflex  
T/O   throughout  
tol   tolerate(s)  
TR   transfer  
trach   tracheostomy  
trans   transverse, transferred  
TSA   total shoulder arthroplasty  
TTWB   toe touch weight bearing  
TV   tidal volume  
Tx   treatment or traction  
UA   urine analysis  
UMN   upper motor neuron  
UQ   upper quarter  
URI   upper respiratory infection  
US   ultrasound  
UTI   urinary tract infection  
UV   ultraviolet  
VAS   visual analog scale  
VC   verbal cues, vital capacity, vocal cord  
VD   venereal disease  
v.o., VO, V/O   verbal order  
vol.   volume  
VS   vital signs  
Vtach   ventricular tachycardia  
WB   weight bearing  
WBAT   weight bearing as tolerated  
WBQC   wide-based quad cane  
w/c, W/C   wheelchair  
W/cm2   watts per square centimeter  
WBC   white blood cell (count)  
WFL   within functional limits  
WNL   within normal limits  
WS   weight shift  
wt.   weight  
x   number of times performed  
y.o.   year old  
+1, +2, etc...   # of persons assisting  
~   approximately  
/   extension, extensor, per  
&, et.   and  


   


 
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