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Pathology of the Digestive System

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Term
Definition
Digestion   food is broken down mechanically and chemically. Then travels through the gastrointestinal tract.  
Absorption   1-digested food passes into bloodstream thru walls of small intestines. 2-Nutrients travel to all cells of the body. 3-Cells burn nutrients to release energy stored in food.  
Elimination   1-Body eliminates solid waste materials that cannot be absorbed into bloodstream. 2-the large intestine concentrates feces. 3-the waste passes out of the body thru the anus.  
Cecum   pouch on the right side  
Colon   5 feet long that has 4 parts  
Rectum   terminates into the anus  
Liver   secretes bile; aids in digestion  
Gallbladder   small sac under the liver that stores bile  
Pancreas   organ under the stomach; produces insulin & enzymes  
Food passage through the GI tract   FOOD ENTERS THE ORL CAVITY...oral cavity-->pharynx-->esophagus-->stomach-->duodenun-->jejunum-->ileum-->cecum-->ascending colon-->transverse colon-->descending colon-->sigmoid colon-->rectum-->anus--> FECES LEAVES THE BODY  


   






 
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Created by: mellisaboodoo