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endocrine chapter 14

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A cone shaped gland located in the brain; secretes melatonin; called the biological clock   Pineal gland  
THE HYPOTHALAMUS AND THIS GLAND ARE PARTS OF THE HYPOTHALAMIC-HYPOPHYSEAL PORTAL SYSTEM; ALSO CALLED THE ADENOHYPOPHYSIS   ANTERIOR PITUATARY GLAND  
THE HORMONE SECRETING CELLS OF THE PANCREAS   ISLETS OF LANGERHANS  
THE ONLY HORMONE THAT LOWERS BLOOD GLUCOSE LEVELS; RELEASED IN RESPONSE TO INCREASED BLOOD LEVELS OF GLUCOSE LEVELS, SUCH AS WHAT OCCURS AFTER A MEAL   INSULIN  
CHEMICAL MESSENGERS THAT INFLUENCE OR CONTROL ACTIVITIES OF OTHER TISSUES AND ORGANS   HORMONES  
TSH, STIMULATES THE THYROID GLAND   THYROID STIMULATING HORMONE  
ACTH   ADRENOCORTICOTROPIC HORMONE  
(FSH) (LH)   GONADOTROPIC HORMONES  
GH   GROWTH HORMONE  
ADH   ANTIDIURETIC HORMONE  
PRL   PROLACTIN  
GENERALIZED WEAKNESS, MUSCLE ATROPHY, A BRONZING OF THE SKIN, HYPERKALEMIA, AND A SEVERE LOSS OF FLUIDS AND ELECTROLYTES   ADDISON'S DISEASE  
TRUNCAL OBESITY, MOON FACE, BUFFALO HUMP, VIRILIZATION, HIRSUTISM   CUSHING'S DISEASE  
A MELTDOWN OF THE FLESH AND LIMBS INTO THE URINE   DIABETIES MELLITUS  
LOCATED ACROSS THE ABDOMEN; SECRETES INSULIN AND GLOCOGON   PANCREAS  
THIS GLAND PLAYS AN IMPORTANT ROLE IN IMMUNITY AND INVOLUTES, OR SHRINKS AFTER PUBERTY   THYMUS GLAND  
CONTROLS THE PITUITARY GLAND; CONNECTS TO THE ANTERIOR & POSTERIOR PITUITARY GLAND THROUGH CAPILLARIES AND NERVES   HYPOTHALAMUS  
HELPS REGULATE CALCUIM LEVELS IN THE BLOOD; STOPS CALCIUM PRODUCTION IN THE BLOOD   CALCITONIN  
SECRETES THE HORMONES THAT ARE CONCERNED WITH SUGAR, SALT & SEX   ADRENAL CORTEX  
SECRETIONS OF THIS GLAND CONTRIBUTE TO FIGHT OR FLIGHT   ADRENAL MEDULLA  
SECRETES ADH AND OXYTOCIN; ALSO CALLED NEUROHYPOPHYSIS   POSTERIOR PITUITARY GLAND  
SECRETES THE HORMONES; GH,TSH,PRL,ACTH,FSH AND LN   ANTERIOR PITUITARY GLAND  
RAPID METABOLISM OF FATTY ACIDS   KETOACIDOSIS  
SECRETES T3, T4 AND CALCITONIN   THYROID GLAND  
THIS GLAND RAISES CALCIUM LEVELS   PARATHYROID GLAND  
IODINE LEVELS STIMULATES ITS ACTIVITY   THYROID  
PARENT CELL OF ALL BLOOD CELLS   STEM CELL  
BONE MARROW DEPRESSION   MYELOSUPPRESSION  
MAJOR CAUSES OF MYELOSUPPRESSION   RADIATION, CYTOTOXIC CANCER DRUGS  
ERYTHROCYTES; TRANSPORTS OXYGEN AND CARBON DIOXIDE   RED BLOOD CELLS  
THE AMOUNT OF RBC'S AND PLASMA   HEMATOCRIT MEASURES  
MAIN FUNCTION OF RBC'S   TRANSPORT OF OXYGEN AND CARBON DIOXIDE  
THE LIFE CYCLE OF A RBC   120 DAYS  
CAUSED BY THE ELEVATION OF BILIRUBIN IN THE BLOOD   JAUNDICE  
THE PROCESS OF DISTROYING DISEASE-PRODUCING MICROORGANISMS, REMOVING DEAD TISSUE AND OTHER CELLULAR DEBRIS; MAIN PURPOSE OF WBC   PHAGOCYTOSIS  
NEUTROPHILS, EOSINOPHILS, BASOPHILS   GRANULOCYTIC WBC'S  
LYMPHOCYTES AND MONOCYTES   AGRANULOCYTIC WBC'S  
RELEASES HEPARIN ALSO CALLED A MAST CELL   BASOPHILS  
SIDE EFFECT OF TAKING ANTICOAGULANTS SUCH AS HEPARIN AND COUMADIN   BLEEDING OUT  
HELPS WITH THE SYNTHESIS OF THROMBIN; PRODUCED IN THE LIVER   VITAMIN K  
BLOCKS THE UTILIZATION OF VITAMIN K IN THE HEPATIC SYNTHESIS OF PROTHROMBIN   COUMADIN  
UNIVERSAL BLOOD DONOR   TYPE O-  
UNIVERSAL BLOOD RECIEVER   TYPE AB+  
BLOOD VESSEL SPASM, THE FORMATION OF A PLATELET PLUG, AND BLOOD CLOTTING   HEMOSTASIS  
A CLUMPING REACTION MUCH LIKE THE CURDLING SEEN WHEN MILK AND VINEGAR ARE MIXED TOGETHER   AGGLUTINATION  
DECREASE IN PLATELETS CAUSED BY MYELOSUPPRESSION   THROMBOCYTOPENIA  
ELIMINATED VIA THE LIVER AND EXCRETED BY BILE   BILIRUBIN  
AN ENHANCED RESPONSE FOR AN EVEN GREATER CHANGE IN THE SAME DIRECTION "GIVE ME MORE"   POSITIVE FEEDBACK  
AS BLOOD LEVELS OF CORTISOL INCREASE, THE CORTISOL IN THE BLOOD CHEMICALLY "TELLS" THE ANTERIOR PITUITARY GLAND TO SLOW FUTHER PRODUCTION OF ACTH   NEGATIVE FEEDBACK  
STEROIDS SECRETED BY THE ADRENAL CORTEX   GLUCOCORTICOIDS, MINERALCORTICOIDS, TESTOTERONE  
CATECHOLAMINES SECRETED BY THE ADRENAL MEDULLA   EPINERPHRINE AND NOREPINEPHRINE  
THE HEAT PRODUCING EFFECT OF THE THYROID HORMONES   CALORIGENIC EFFECT  
GLUCOSE IN THE URINE   GLUCOSURIA OR GLYCOSURIA  
EXCESSIVE URINATION CAUSED BY GLUCOSURIA   POLYURIA  
EXCESSIVE THIRST CAUSED BY POLYURIA   POLYDIPSIA  
EXCESSIVE EATING   POLYPHAGIA  
PALE YELLOW FLUID COMPOSED MOSTLY OF WATER BUT ALSO CONTAINS IONS, PROTEINS, NUTRIENTS AND WASTE   PLASMA  
PLASMA MINUS THE CLOTTING PROTEINS   SERUM  
LEUKOCYTES; PROTECTS THE BODY FROM INFECTION   WHITE BLOOD CELLS  
THROMBOCYTES; HELP CONTROL BLOOD LOSS FROM INJURED BLOOD VESSELS   PLATELETS  
THE PROCESS OF BLOOD FORMATION   HEMOPOIESIS  
IMMATURE RBC; CAN DEVELOPE INTO MATURE RBCs WITHIN 48 HRS OF RELEASE INTO THE BLOOD   RETICULOCYTE  
LARGE PROTEIN MOLECULE THAT FILLS RBCs   HEMOGLOBIN  
IRON-CONTAINING SUBSTANCE; OXYGEN ATTACHES LOOSELY TO ITS IRON ATOM   HEME  
PROTEIN IN RBCs; HOLDS IRON ON ITS CHAINS   GLOBIN  
TISSUE PLASMINOGEN ACTIVATOR (TPA)   CLOT BUSTER  
A BLOOD TEST THAT MEASURES THE TIME IT TAKES FOR A SAMPLE OF BLOOD TO CLOT   PROTHROMBINE TIME (PT)  


   


 
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