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Terminology - muscular system, defining terms

Quiz yourself by thinking what should be in each of the black spaces below before clicking on it to display the answer.

abductor   muscles that move a part away from the midline  
adductor   muscles that move a part towards the midline  
electromyography   recording of the electrical characteristics of muscle  
atonic   a muscle that has no tone or tension; atony  
dystonia   abnormal muscle tone or tension  
myotonia   inability of the muscle to relax after increased muscular contraction  
tonic   pertaining to tone; tension  
fascial   pertaining to the fascia  
fasciectomy   excision of fascia  
fasciitis   inflammation of fascia  
fascitis   inflammation of fascia  
fasciorrhaphy   suturing the fascia  
kinesiology   study of movement  
kinesimeter   instrument used to measure movement  
leiomyoma   benign tumor of smooth muscle  
leiomyosarcoma   malignant tumor of smooth muscle  
muscular   pertaining to the muscle  
musculoskeletal   pertaining to the muscle and skeleton  
electromyogram   record of the electrical currents in a muscle  
fibromyalgia   pain in fibrous tissues muscles, tendons, and ligaments  
myalgia   muscle pain  
myopathy   any muscular disease  
myositis   inflammation of muscle  
polymyositis   inflammation of many muscles  
rhabdomyoma   benign tumor of striated muscle  
rhabdomyosarcoma   malignant tumor of striated muscle tissue  
tendinitis   inflammation of the tendon  
tendinous   pertaining to a tendon  
tenodesis   surgical fixation of a tendon  
tenotomy   cutting of a tendon  
tenosynovitis   inflammation of a tendon sheath  
myasthenia   no muscle strength  
myoclonus   alternate muscular relaxation and contraction in rapid succession  
abduction   process of drawing away from; opposite of adduction  
adduction   process of drawing toward; opposite of abduction  
circumduction   process of drawing a part in a circular motion  
dorsiflexion   bending the ankle joint so that the foot bends backward (upward); opposite of plantar flexion  
plantar flexion   bending the ankle joint so that the foot bends toward the sole of the foot  
extension   to stretch out; stretching out of a limb; increasing the angle between two bones; opposite of flexion  
flexion   bending a limb ; decreasing the angle between two bones; opposite of extension  
pronation   as applied to the hand, process of turning the palm backward; opposite of supination  
supination   as applied to the hand, the process of turning the palm forward; opposite of pronation  
bradykinesia   slow movement  
dyskinesia   impairment of muscle movement  
hyperkinesia   excessive movement  
atrophy   wasting away of the muscle  
dystrophy   abnormal developement, especially muscular dystrophy  
hypertrophy   enlargement of an organ due to an increase in the size of cells  
diathermy   heat applied to deep tissues  


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Created by: concubine