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Chapt. 8 Vocab

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1.Progressivism   Progressives believed that new ideas and honest, efficient government could bring about social justices.  
2.Muckracker   Writer who uncovers and exposes misconduct in politics or business.  
3.Social Gospel   Reform movement that emerged in the late nineteenth century that sought to improve society by applying Christian principles.  
4.Settlement Houses   A community center that provided social services to the poor.  
5.Direct Primary   An election in which citizens themselves vote to select nominees for upcoming elections.  
6.Initiative   Gave people the power to put a proposed new law directly on the ballet in the next election by collecting citizens' signatures on a petition.  
7.Referendum   Allowed citizens to reject or approve laws passed by a legislature.  
8.Recall   Gave voters the power to remove public officials from office before their terms ended.  
9.National Consumers League(NCL)   Gave special labels to goods that were produced under safe, healthy, and fair working conditions.  
10.Temperance Movement   Movement aimed at stopping alcohol abuse and the problems created by it.  
11.Suffrage   The right to vote.  
12.National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA)   Group founded in 1890 that worked on both the state and national levels to earn women the right to vote.  
13.Nineteenth Amendment   Stated that the right to vote "Shall not be denied on account of sex".  
14.Americanization   Belief that assimilating immigrants into American society would make them more loyal citizens.`  
15.Niagara Movement   Group of African American thinkers founded in 1905 that pushed for immediate racial reforms, particularly in education and voting practices.  
16.National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)   Interracial organization founded in 1909 to abolish segregation and discrimination and to achieve political and civil rights for African Americans.  
17.Urban League   Network f churches and clubs that set up employment agencies and relief efforts to help African Americans get settled and find work in the cities.  
18.Anti-Defamation League   Organization formed in 1913 to defend Jews against physical and verbal attacks and false statements.  
19.Mutualistas   Groups that made loans and provided legal assistance.  
20.Square Deal   Keep the wealthy and powerful from taking advantage of small business owners and the poor.  
21.Hepburn Act   Law that gave the government the authority to set railroad rates and maximum prices for ferries, bridge tolls, and oil pipelines.  
22.Meat Inspection Act   Law that allowed the federal government to inspect meat sold across state lines and required federal inspection of meat processing plants.  
23.Pure Food and Drug Act   Law that allowed federal inspection of food and medicine and banned the interstate shipment and sale of impure food and the mislabeling of food and drugs.  
24.National Reclamation Act   Law that gave the federal government power to decide where and how the water would be distributed through the building and management of dams and irrigation projects.  
25.New Nationalism   A program to restore the government's trust busting power.  
26.Progressive Party   Political Party that emerged from the Taft-Roosevelt battle that split the republican party in 1912.  
27.New Freedom`   Woodrow Wilson's program to place government controls on corporations in order to benefit small businesses.  
28.Sixteenth Amendment   Gave congress the power to levy an income tax.  
29.Federal Reserve Act   Placed national banks under the control of a Federal Reserve Board, which set up regional banks to hold the reserve funds from commercial banks.  
30.Federal Trade Commission (FTC)   Members who were named by the President had to monitor business practices that might lead to monopoly.  
31.Clayton Antitrust Act   Strengthened earlier antitrust laws by spelling out those activities in which those businesses could not engage in.  


   






 
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