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Crtim. Justice Ch 4

The Police Mission
Enforcing the law Crime fighters Limited resources: priorities Community interests
Apprehending offenders Investigation
Preventing crime Proactive approaches
Preserving peace Quality of life Broken window
Providing service Non-emergency calls
American Policing
Federal 140,000 law enforcement officers E.g. FBI; DHS; DEA
State Centralized or decentralized Highway patrol and crime investigation E.g. Texas Rangers; KBI
Local E.g. NYPD; LA Sheriff’s Office
Fusion Centers Intelligence sharing E.g. Kansas Threat Integration Center (KSTIC)
Police organization
Line operations Enforcement Investigation
Staff operations Human resources Training Logistics Finances Facilities management
Chain of command hierarchical
Policing Epochs
1840s to 1930 political era Service to the powerful
1930 to 1970s reform era Crime fighting
1980s to 2001 community policing era Partnership with the community
2001 to present new era Homeland security Intelligence-led policing
Policing Styles
Watchman style Order maintenance
Legalistic style Enforcing the letter of the law
Service style Helpers
Police-community relations
Strategic policing Innovative techniques
Problem-oriented policing Underlying social problems
Community policing Partnership with the community to address conditions that give rise to crime, social disorder and fear of crime
Community policing Community-based crime prevention Emphasize nonemergency services Increase police accountability Decentralize command Integrate order maintenance, law enforcement, and social services
Critiques of Community Policing
Difficult to measure effectiveness Ambiguous definitions Community consensus may not exist
Citizen dissatisfaction with the police Community resistance Big brothers?
Police resistance Too much social work Police safety issues
Evidence-based Policing
1968 Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Street Act Law Enforcement Assistance Administration National Institute of Justice -Now the NJCRS Bureau of Justice Statistics
Purposes of Evidence Based Policing Increasing effectiveness Reducing citizen complaints Enhancing efficient use of resources
Created by: KyronCox