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Pivot Point Ch 2

Salon Ecology Chapter 2

Bacteriology is the scientific study of a. toxins b. disease c. bacteria d. personal hygiene BACTERIA
Another term that means the same as germ or bacteria is: a. lice b. mite c. parasite d. microbe MICROBE
Bacterial cells that are harmless and can even be beneficial to humans are called: a. viruses b. microbes c. pathogenic bacteria d. nonpathogenic bacteria NONPATHOGENIC BACTERIA
Nonpathogenic bacteria that live on dead matter are known as: a. cocci b. parasites c. saprophytes d. staphylococci SAPROPHYTES
Bacterial cells that may be harmful to the body are called: a. pathogenic b. saprophytes c. communicable d. nonpathogenic PATHOGENIC
Pathogenic bacteria are responsible for all of the following EXCEPT: a. causing disease b. producing toxins c. causing infection d. benefiting the environment BENEFITING THE ENVIRONMENT
A communicable disease refers to a disease that is: a. passive b. dormant c. spread from one person to another d. not spread from one person to another SPREAD FROM ONE PERSON TO ANOTHER
The common cold, hepatitis and measles are examples of: a. harmless diseases b. beneficial diseases c. communicable diseases d. nonpathogenic diseases COMMUNICABLE DISEASES
Spherical-shaped bacterial cells are known as: a. cocci b. bacilli c. spirilla d. staphylococci COCCI
Pus-forming bacterial cells that form in long chains and cause blood poisoning are called: a. bacilli b. diplococci c. streptococci d. staphylococci STREPTOCOCCI
Rod-shaped bacterial cells are known as: a. cocci b. bacilli c. spirilla d. staphylococci BACILLI
What bacteria, when viewed through a microscope, would appear to be coiled, corkscrew-shaped bacterial cells a. spirilla b. flagella c. saprophytes d. staphylococci SPIRILLA
Eileen`s client has developed Lyme disease. Which type of bacteria is the cause of this disease a. cocci b. bacilli c. spirilla d. streptococci SPIRILLA
Which of the following is NOT a source through which bacteria or viruses enter the body a. nose b. mouth c. healthy skin d. broken skin HEALTHY SKIN
As bacteria absorb food, each cell grows in size and divides, resulting in how many new cells a. two b. four c. six d. eight TWO
What is the relationship with bacteria and disinfectants when bacteria are in the spore-forming stage a. bacteria grow and thrive b. bacteria die immediately c. bacteria are harmed by disinfectants d. bacteria are not harmed by disinfectants BACTERIA ARE NOT HARMED BY DISINFECTANTS
Which of the following conditions does NOT occur during the inactive stage of bacterial growth a. spores are formed b. dormant stage begins c. harmed by heat d. die if conditions are unfavorable HARMED BY HEAT
Hair-like projections used by some bacteria to propel themselves are called cilia or: a. feet b. bacilli c. flagella d. pediculosis FLAGELLA
The common cold is caused by a (n): a. fungi b. filterable virus c. external parasite d. non-filterable virus FILTERABLE VIRUS
Which of the following conditions is NOT a disease caused by a virus a. mumps b. tuberculosis c. common cold d. respiratory infection TUBERCULOSIS
What is a highly contagious disease that infects the liver a. polio b. yellow fever c. Human Hepatitis B. (HBV) d. Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) HUMAN HEPATITIS B (HBV)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) causes the immune system to: a. speed up b. break down c. work intermittently d. continue working properly BREAK DOWN
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) can be transferred by all of the following EXCEPT: a. blood b. semen c. body fluids d. holding hands HOLDING HANDS
Plants or animals that live on or obtain nutrients from another organism are known as: a. viruses b. bacteria c. internal parasites d. external parasites EXTERNAL PARASITES
All of the following are examples of fungi EXCEPT: a. molds b. yeasts c. flagella d. parasitic plant FLAGELLA
Nail fungus is a type of: a. virus b. scabies c. pathogenic bacteria d. nonpathogenic bacteria PATHOGENIC BACTERIA
Syphilis is an example of a general infection, which means it affects: a. the brain b. the whole body c. the nervous system d. a small, confined area THE WHOLE BODY
Which of the following would be considered a universal precaution a. salon cleanliness b. arriving at work on time c. unsanitary salon conditions d. common use of drinking cup SALON CLEANLINESS
The ability to destroy infectious agents that enter the body is: a. immunity b. superiority c. sterilization d. infection control IMMUNITY
Infection control is divided into the following categories: a. bacteriology, ecology and first aid b. prevention, inoculation and billing c.sanitation, disinfection and sterilization d. contamination, immunity and inoculation SANITATION, DISINFECTION AND STERILIZATION
A product that can be applied to the skin to reduce microbes is called a (n): a. sterilizer b. sanitizer c. antiseptic d. disinfectant ANTISEPTIC
Washing your hands is an example of: a. immunity b. sanitation c. disinfection d. decontamination SANITATION
Which of the following steps should a cosmetologist perform immediately prior to a service a. apply hand lotion b. rinse hands in cold water c. dry hands with a communal cloth towel d. wash hands with warm water and antimicrobial, liquid soap WASH HANDS WITH WARM WATER AND ANTIMICROBIAL, LIQUID SOAP
How often should towels and linens be laundered a. once a day b. once a week c. once a month d. after each use AFTER EACH USE
A disinfectant is acceptable for use on: a. human hair b. human skin c. human nails d. salon equipment SALON EQUIPMENT
Chemical products used to destroy or kill bacteria and some viruses (except bacterial spores) are called: a. bar soaps b. antiseptics c. disinfectants d. sanitation products DISINFECTANTS
Viricidals are disinfectants used to kill: a. viruses b. tuberculosis c. pseudomonas d. harmful bacteria VIRUSES
The regulating agency under the Department of Labor that enforces safety and health standards in the workplace is: a. DNR b. MSDS c. USDA d. OSHA OSHA
Key information on a specific product regarding ingredients, associated hazards, combustion levels and storage requirements is provided by: a. MSDS b. OSHA c. the cap d. the efficacy label MSDS
Which of the following is given to a product, along with the approval of the efficacy claims on the label to ensure the product is safe and effective a. bar code b. toll-free number c. retail number d. EPA registration number EPA REGISTRATION NUMBER
The 2001 OSHA Bloodborne Pathogens Standard requires the use of: a. sanitation practices b. non-corrosive cleaners c. liquid antibacterial soap d. an EPA-registered disinfectant with an efficacy against HIV and HBV or tuberculocidal AN EPA-REGISTERED DISINFECTANT WITH AN EFFICACY AGAINST HIV AND HBV OR TUBERCULOCIDAL
All implements must be thoroughly cleaned before: a. lending b. disposal c. tightening d. immersion IMMERSION
Which of the following steps should be taken after removing all hair from a brush during a disinfection procedure a. dry brush thoroughly b. wash brush with soap and water c. store brush in a dry, covered container d. immerse in a disinfecting solution WASH BRUSH WITH SOAP AND WATER
All of the following terms describe the type of container disinfected implements are stored in EXCEPT: a. open b. clean c. covered d. disinfected OPEN
Any implements that come in contact with the client during a service must be: a. ventilated b. reused or discarded c. reused or disinfected d. discarded or disinfected DISCARDED OR DISINFECTED
How often should combs and brushes used in the salon be disinfected a. after each use b. twice each day c. at the end of each day d. at the beginning of each day AFTER EACH USE
How often should the solution in disinfectant containers be changed a. yearly b. monthly c. every two weeks d. as recommended by manufacturer AS RECOMMENDED BY MANUFACTURER
Always store disinfectants in containers that are: a. clear b. unclear c. labeled d. plastic LABELED
When handling material such as disinfectants, it is important to do all of the following EXCEPT: a. wear gloves b. avoid fumes c. avoid contact with skin or eyes d. work in a room where there are no windows WORK IN A ROOM WHERE THERE ARE NO WINDOWS
All are precautions to take when using chemical disinfectants EXCEPT: a. store implements in a cool,dry area b. tightly cover and label all containers c. purchase chemicals in small quantities d. use hands to remove objects from holding basket USE HANDS TO REMOVE OBJECTS FROM HOLDING BASKET
The process referred to as `double-bagging`is performed when a (n): a. blood spill occurs b. antiseptic is used c. calibration occurs d. MSDS is consulted BLOOD SPILL OCCURS
Dispose of any material coming in contact with blood or body fluids in a: a. sterilizer b. cool, dry area c. covered container d. two sealed plastic bags inside a waste can liner TWO SEALED PLASTIC BAGS INSIDE A WASTE CAN LINER
If a surface is free from dirt, oil and/or microbes, it has been: a. disposed b. dispensed c. contaminated d. decontaminated DECONTAMINATED
Which of the following conditions describes effective storage for a disinfectant a. cool, dry space b. damp, muggy space c. bright, very hot space d. hot, very damp and airy space COOL, DRY SPACE
Which of the following services normally requires the use of sterilization procedures a. perming b. sculpting c. electrolysis d. shampooing ELECTROLYSIS
Tools and instruments used to puncture or invade the skin must be sterilized or designed to be: a. dull b. dirty c. porous d. disposable DISPOSABLE
Sterilization standards require the use of a liquid sterilant and/or moist or: a. dry heat b. liquid soap c. sanitized tools d. wet disinfectant container DRY HEAT
Sanitation is the lowest level of: a. disinfection b. contamination c. infection control d. decontamination INFECTION CONTROL
When performing first aid for bleeding wounds, what is the next step after bleeding stops a. apply pressure b. apply bandage c. apply tourniquet d. elevate injured limb APPLY BANDAGE
Which of the following steps should be taken FIRST when it is believed a person may be choking a. make a thumbless fist b. perform abdominal thrusts c. apply a cold compress to face d. determine if the victim can speak or cough DETERMINE IF THE VICTIM CAN SPEAK OR COUGH
Created by: lois100754
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