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McCoyLSQ2Review

QuestionAnswer
Change over time Evolution
All living things share a Common Ancestor
"Father" of Evolution Charles Darwin
Ship that Darwin sailed on for 5 years Beagle
Evolution occurs through the process of Natural Selection
Changes that help an organism survive and reproduce Adaptations
The key to evolution Reproduce successfully
Fossils, vestigial structures and comparing organisms all provide what for evolution Evidence
Solidified remains or imprint of a once living organism Fossil
Remnant of a once-useful structure Vestigial Structure
The process by which organisms with favorable traits survive and reproduce Natural Selection
Overproduction, Genetic Variation, Struggle to Survive, and Successful Reproduction are the four stages of Natural Selection
Production of more offspring than will survive Overproduction
Individuals in a population are slightly different Genetic Variation
Individuals compete for resources Struggle to Survive
Change in a gene Mutation
Populations that can produce offspring that can have more offspring are said to be the same Species
The process by which two populations of the same species become so different that they can longer interbreed Speciation
Separation, Adaptation and Division are all possible explanations for Speciation
When a portion of the population is physically isolated from the others due to a mountain, lake, canyons, natural disaster Separation
When a species dies out completely Extinction
Metaphor for the concept of Natural Selection Survival of the fittest
Diffusion of water Osmosis
Process of moving small molecules from a high concentration to a low concentration Diffusion
Diffusion of small molecules from high concentration to low without energy Passive transport
Diffusion of small molecules from a low concentration to a high concentration, energy needed Active transport
Large particles entering the cell Endocytosis
Large particles exiting the cell Exocytosis
Which reaction converts food into energy Cellular respiration
What reaction uses sun light to make food Photosynthesis
What are the reactants of cellular respiration Glucose & oxygen
What are the products of cellular respiration Carbon dioxide & Water
What are the reactants of photosynthesis Carbon dioxide & Water
What are the products of photosynthesis Glucose & Oxygen
Site of phtosynthesis Chloroplast
Site of cellular respiration Mitochondria
What is the asexual reproduction of a prokaryotic cell called Binary fission
How are new cells made in a plant and animal Mitosis
Which stage of mitosis has the chromosomes lined up in the middle Metaphase
Which stage of mitosis do the chromosomes double Interphase
Which stage of mitosis do the chromosomes shorten and thicken Prophase
Which stage of mitosis do chromosomes get pulled to the north and south poles of the cell Anaphase
Which stage of mitosis does the cell membrane begin to pinch in the middle Telophase
Which stage of mitosis has two brand new cells Cytokinesis
How many chromosomes are in a human body cell 46
A system of organizing things into groups based on their characteristics Classification
The science of classifying organisms Taxonomy
Largest in the seven levels of classification Kingdom
Smallest in the seven levels of classification Species
First word in the scientific name Genus
Second word in a scientific name Species
A chart with pairs of statements that lead you to the name of an organism Dichotomous key
Type of reproduction that involves an egg and sperm Sexual
Type of reproduction where there is only one "parent" and identical offspring Asexual
Which kingdom has organisms that are only eukaryotic cells and consumers Animal
Which kingdom has organisms that are only eukaryotic cells and producers Plant
Which kingdom contains organisms that are only eukaryotic cells but can be either producers or consumers Protist
Which kingdom contains organisms that are eukaryotic cells and decomposers Fungus
Which kingdom contains the oldest living organisms, prokaryotic cells Archaebacteria
Which kingdom contains common prokaryotic cells Eubacteria
Organisms that eat other organisms Consumers
Organisms that make their own food Producers
Organisms that break down nutrients in dead organisms Decomposers
A new part of an organism grows off the old one Regeneration
A part of an organisms falls off and grows into a new one Budding
Which protist uses flagellum for movement, is green and makes its own food Euglena
Which protist uses pseudopods for movement Amoeba
Which protist uses cilia for movement Paramecium
Sexual reproduction of the paramecium Conjugation
Asexual reproduction of the amoeba, euglena, algae Binary fission
Rod shape bacteria bacillus
Round shape bacteria cocci
Spiral shape bacteria Spirilla
Extreme hot conditions where you may find archaebacteria Hotsprings
Created by: mmccoy