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McCoyAccSciQ1Review

QuestionAnswer
Contain all material necessary for life Cell
Can perform different jobs Multicellular
One cell; can not perform many jobs Unicellular
Change in the organisms environment tha affects the activity of the organism Stimulus
A reaction to a stimulus Response
Maintaining a constant internal environment Homeostasis
Produce an offspring that is a combination of both parents Sexual Reproduction
Produce an offspring that is identical to the parent Asexual Reproduction
Blueprints of life DNA
Transmission of characteristics from one generation to the next Heredity
Acquired from breaking down the food we obtain Energy
Organism becomes larger Grow
Organism changes Develop
Produces their food Producer
Eats other organisms Consumer
Obtain food by breaking down nutrients in dead organisms Decomposer
Can only survive three days without it Water
Mixture of gases Air
Specific for every organism Place to live
Made up of amino acids Protein
Provides energy for the organism Carbohydrate
Complex carbohydrate Starch
Store energy Fat
Provide recipe for making proteins Nucleic Acid
Obtained when carbohydrates and fat are broken down ATP
Control center of the cell, found in plant and animal cell Nucleus
Contains genes responsible for heredity, found in both plant and animal cell DNA
Regulates what goes into and out of the cell, found in both plant and animal cell Cell Membrane
Acts as the clean up crew of the cell, gets rid of any waste, found only in the animal cell Lysosome
Jellylike substance found in both plant and animal cells keeps organelles in place Cytoplasm
Makes lipids, breaks down drugs, acts as the roadways of the cell, found in both plant and animal cell Endoplasmic Reticulum
Ships and packages out of the cell, found in both plant and animal cell Golgi Body
Powerhouse of the cell, found in both plant and animal cell Mitochondria
Amino acids hook together and form proteins here, found in both plant and animal cells Ribosome
Provides extra support, found only in the plant cell Cell Wall
Food is made here, chlorophyll is stored here, found only in the plant cell Chloroplast
Hold water, large ones in a plant cell Vacuole
The study of living things Life Science
A doctor, a zoologist, a teacher Life Scientist
Steps to solve a problem Scientific Method
Something that you can see, hear, smell, touch Observation
Something that you think has happened based on your observations Inference
Usually an If...Then statement Hypothesis
Testing the hypothesis. Has an experimental and a control group. Controlled Experiment
Variable that is the result Dependent Variable
Variable that is changed/manipulated Independent Variable
Subjects not being tested Control group
Subjects being tested Experimental group
Factors that are the same in both groups of an experiment Constants
Putting your data on to a graph is part of which step of scientific method Results
To measure the length of an ant you would use which tool Metric ruler
To measure mass you would use what tool Triple beam balance
A graduated cylinder measures Volume
Units for a graduated cylinder ml
The bottom portion of the curve of the liquid in a graduated cylinder Meniscus
Tool that has celcius as its units Thermometer
A group of tissues make up a Organ
Which cell type has no nucleus Prokaryotic
Which reaction converts food into energy Cellular respiration
What reaction uses sun light to make food Photosynthesis
What are the reactants of cellular respiration Glucose & oxygen
What are the products of cellular respiration Carbon dioxide & Water
What are the reactants of photosynthesis Carbon dioxide & Water
What are the products of photosynthesis Glucose & Oxygen
Site of phtosynthesis Chloroplast
Site of cellular respiration Mitochondria
What is the asexual reproduction of a prokaryotic cell called Binary fission
How are new cells made in a plant and animal Mitosis
Which stage of mitosis has the chromosomes lined up in the middle Metaphase
Which stage of mitosis do the chromosomes double Interphase
Which stage of mitosis do the chromosomes shorten and thicken Prophase
Which stage of mitosis do chromosomes get pulled to the north and south poles of the cell Anaphase
Which stage of mitosis does the cell membrane begin to pinch in the middle Telophase
Which stage of mitosis has two brand new cells Cytokinesis
How many chromosomes are in a human body cell 46
Diffusion of water Osmosis
Process of moving small molecules from a high concentration to a low concentration Diffusion
Diffusion of small molecules from high concentration to low without energy Passive transport
Diffusion of small molecules from a low concentration to a high concentration, energy needed Active transport
Large particles entering the cell Endocytosis
Large particles exiting the cell Exocytosis
Created by: mmccoy