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FMS 8th Ch 6

U.S. History

TermDefinition
The sharing of power between the states and the national government. Federalism
A system set up by the Constitution in which each branch of the federal government has the power to check, or control, the actions of the other. branches. Checks and Balances
The authority of a government should depend on the consent of the people, as expressed by votes in elections. Consent of the Governed
The Division of the government that proposes bills and passes them into laws. Legislative Branch
The division of the federal government that includes the president and the administrative departments; enforces the nation's laws. Executive Branch
The Supreme Court's power to declare acts of Congress unconstitutional. (interprets laws) Judicial Review
People opposed to the Constitution, preferring more power to be given to the state governments than to the national government. Anti-Federalists
Anti-Federalist George Mason
These were supporters of the Constitution who favored a strong national government. Federalists
A series of essays written by James Madison, John Jay, and Alexander Hamilton, defending the Constitution and the principles on which the government of the United States was founded Federalist Papers Federalist Papers
Official change or addition to a law or constitution. Amendment
What are the first 10 amendments, added to the Constitution to ensure its ratification, called? Bill of Rights
This Amendment states “Congress shall make no law” restricting freedom of speech, religion, press, assembly, and petition. I (First) Amendment
The _____ Amendment protects an accused person from having to testify against him or herself (self-incrimination); bans double jeopardy; and guarantees that no person will suffer the loss of life, liberty, or property without due process of law. V (Fifth) Amendment
Trial by Jury VII (7th) Amendment
The process used by a legislative body to bring charges of wrongdoing against a public official. Impeachment
The fair application of the law. Due Process
Right to a speedy and fair trial. VI (Sixth) Amendment
Created by: Stoll FMS