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Endocrine

Anatomy of the Endocrine System

QuestionAnswer
The endocrine system is made up of glands
The endocrine glands secrete hormones
A state of equilibrium in the body is called homeostasis
The hormones are sectreted directly into the blood
This endocrine gland is in the center of the brain on top of the brainstem. Hypothalamus
The pituitary gland is also known as the hypophysis
The pituitary gland is about the size of a pea
The pituitary gland is known as the master gland
This gland is found between the two lobes of the thalamus and it secretes the hormone melatonin. pineal gland
This gland is locaed in your neck and secretes the hormones T3 and T4. thyroid gland
The four glands that sit on the posterior surface of the thyroid gland are called parathyroid glands
This gland is located poserior to the sternum and is large during childhood. thymus gland
This yellowish, elongatged, triangular gland is posterior to the stomach. pancreas
The pancrease secretes hormones from a group of cells known as the Islets of Langerhans
This hormone is secreted by the beta cells of the pancreas insulin
This hormone is secreted by the alpha cells of the pancreas. glucagon
The word means "full of sugar". glucose
This word means "pertaining to the pancreas" pancreatic
These glands sit on top of the kidneys. adrenal glands
This word means "pertaining to toward the kidney" adrenal
The adrenal glands are part of the endocrine system while the kidneys are part of the urinary system
The hormones epinephrine and norepinephrine are secreted by the adrenal medulla
When two hormones work in conjunction with eachother it is called synergism
When two hormones work against each other it is called antagonism
This word means "pertaining to the testis or testicles" testicular
This word means "pertaining to the ovary" ovarian
The category of hormones that stimulate the male and female sex glands are called gonadotropins
The state of normal functioning of the thyroid glands is called euthyroidism
The combining form that means "to secrete" is crin/o
The combining form "neur/o" means nerve
The combining forms "glandul/o and aden/o" mean gland
The combining form "home/o" means same
The combining form "hormon/o" means hormone
The combining form "thalam/o" means thalamus
The combining forms that "adren/o and adrenal/o" mean adrenal gland
The combining forms "pituit/o, pituitar/o and hypophys/o" means pituitary gland
The combining form that means "having an affinity for; stimulating; turning" is trop/o
The combining form "ur/o" means urine
The combining form that means "exciting; strengthening" is stimul/o
The combining form "melan/o" means black
The combining forms "lact/o and galact/o" mean milk
The combining forms "calc/i and calc/o" mean calcium
The combining form that means "pressure;tone" is ton/o
The combining form that means "thyroid gland" is thyroid/o
The combining form that means "shield-shaped structure (thyroid gland) " is thyr/o
The combining form "iod/o" means iodine
The combining forms "glyc/o; gluc/o; and glycos/o" means sugar or glucose
The combining form that means "island" is insul/o
The combining form "insulin/o" means insulin
The combining form "pancreat/o" means pancreas
The combining form "somat/o" means body
The combining form that means "standing still; staying in one place" is stat/o
The combining forms "nephr/o and ren/o" means kidney
The combining form "andr/o" means male
The combining form "viril/o" means masculine
The combining forms "estr/o and estr/a" mean female
The combining form that means "block;hold back" is inhibit/o
The combining form that means "activity; work" is erg/o
Hypersecretion of one of more of the hormones of the pituitary gland is called hyperpituitarism
Hyposecretion of one or more of the hormones of the pituitary gland is called hypopituitarism
A hypersecretion of growth hormone during childhood and puberty is called gigantism
A hypersecretion of growth hormone during adulthood is called acromegaly
Hyposecretion of growth hormone during childhood causes a condition called dwarfism
Hyposecretion of the antidiuretic hormone ADH causes diabetes insipidus
The prefix that means "many;much" is poly-
The combining form "dips/o" means thirst
The word that means "excessive amounts of water to be excreted in the urine" is polyuria
The word that means "excessive thirst" is polydipsia
Hypersecretion of T3 and T4 by the thyroid is called hyperthyroidism
Low levels of thyroid hormones is called hypothyroidsim
THe most common type of hyperthyroidism is Graves' disease
The bulging out of the eyes due to edema behind the eyeballs is called exophthalmos
Hyperthyroidism is also known as thyrotoxicosis
A sudden, severe onset of hyperthyroidism is called thyroid storm
Enlargement of the thyroid gland is called thyromegaly
A tumor or mass in a gland is called adenoma
The word that means "pertaining to within a people or population" is endemic
The combining form that means "small, knobby mass" is nodul/o
THe combining form "tox/o" means poison
Severe hypothyroidism in adults is called myxedema
Untreated congenital hypothyroidsim results in cretinism
Chronic inflammion and destruction of the thyroid gland is called thyroiditis
The combining form that means "mucus-like substance" is myx/o
The suffix "-edema" means swelling
Hypersecretion of the parathyroid hormone is called hyperparathyroidism
A too high level of calcium in the blood is called hypercalcemia
Hyposecretion of parathyroid hormone is called hypoparathyroidism
A low or deficient level of calcium in the blood is called hypocalcemia
Hypersecretion of insulin is called hyperinsulinism
A low level of glucose in the blood is called hypoglycemia
Hyposecretion of insulin is called diabetes mellitus
Excess glucose in the urine is called glycosuria
An increased feeling of hunger and eating more often due to a high level of glucose in the blood is called polyphagia
The combining form "diabet/o" means diabetes
A too high level of ketones in the blood is called ketoacidosis
The combining form "ket/o" means ketones
The combining form that means "acid (low pH) is acid/o
A decreased sensation in the extremeties due to nerve damage from diabetes is called diabetic neuropathy
Degenerative changes in the kidneys due to diabetes is called diabetic nephropathy
Degenerative changes in the retina due to diabetes is called diabetic retinopathy
Fatty deposits of plaque in the arteries which is accelerated by diabetes is called atherosclerosis
The combining form "retin/o" means retina
The suffix that means " a running" is -drome
The prefix "syn-" means together
Masculine facial features and body build with hirsutism in a female is called virilism
The combining form "hirsut/o" means hairy
The combining form "viril/o" means masculine
The combining form "chrom/o" means color
The combining forms "poli/o and phe/o" mean gray
Hypersecretion of epinephrine and norepinephrine is called pheochromocytoma
The suffix that means "full of" is -ose
The combining form that means "right; sugar" is dextr/o
Removal of the thymus gland is called thymectomy
Removal of the thyroid gland is called thyroidectomy
Removal of one or more of the parathyroid glands is called parathyroidectomy
Created by: GKSMS97